Conceptual Framework The Financial Accounting Standards Board has developed a conceptual framework for financial accounting and reporting. The FASB has issued 7 Statements of Financial Accounting Concepts. These statements set forth objectives and fundamentals that will be the basis for developing financial accounting and reporting standards. The objectives identify the goals and purposes of financial reporting. The fundamentals are the underlying concepts of financial accounting concepts that guide the selection of transactions, events, and circumstances to be accounted for; their recognition and measurement; and the means of summarizing and communicating them to interested parties.
The purpose of Statement of Financial Accounting Concepts No. 2, “Qualitative Characteristics of Accounting Information,” is to examine the characteristics that make accounting information useful. The characteristics or qualities of information discussed in Concepts No. 2 are the ingredients that make information useful and are the qualities to be sought when accounting choices are made.
1. Identify and discuss the benefits which can be expected to be derived from the FASB’s conceptual framework study.
2. What is the most important quality for accounting information as identified in Statement of Financial Accounting Concepts No. 2? Explain why it is the most important.
3. Statement of Financial Accounting Concepts No. 2 describes a number of key characteristics or qualities for accounting information. Briefly discuss the importance of understandability, relevance, and reliability for financial reporting purposes.