US HISTORY 408

| November 21, 2015
1.

The Great Depression was caused by

A) the stock market crash of 1929

B) an overproduction of farm products

C) poor regulation of the banking industry

D) a combination of several economic factors



2.

Which DOES NOT characterize the Great Depression?

A) fram foreclosures and price controls

B) an effort by government to economically intervene in the lives of Americans

C) an improved gross national product and consumer spending

D) limited schooling and malnutrition among children



3.

Which BEST describes the economic situation in American in 1930?

A) Several banks had closed

B) Farm prices were on the rise

C) People had plenty of money to buy food

D) Jobs were plentiful in California



4.

What caused the Dust Bowl?

A) farm foreclosures

B) overfarming and drought

C) urban unemployment

D) lack of government intervention



5.

What was the New Deal?

A) a regulation agreement between banks

B) a plan to prevent stocks from losing value

C) an agreement between Hoover and Roosevelt

D) a series of programs aimed at economic reform



6.

All of the following situations provide examples of the effects of New Deal programs EXCEPT

A) a need being created for more workers

B) the construction of public works like dams and bridges

C) people moving from the Midwest to California

D) farmers receiving government subsidies



7.

Why did President Roosevelt want to "pack the court"?

A) to allow justices to hear cases on a rotating basis

B) to keep New Deal programs from the United States Supreme Court

C) to appoint justices who would rule favorably on New Deal programs

D) to have a greater understanding of the economic benefits of the New Deal



8.

Why did Congress pass the Neutrality Acts?

A) to declare war

B) to support Japan

C) to punish Europe

D) to isolate itself



9.

What was the result of the attack on Pearl Harbor?

A) an American declaration of war on Japan

B) the complete destruction of the United States Navy

C) renewed efforts in Europe to rid the region of Hitler's dominance

D) continued isolationism and a belief that American soldiers should stay state-side



10.

Why did the federal government encourage American citizens to buy war bonds?

A) to help finance the war

B) to ration food and other goods

C) to improve the banking industry

D) to ensure wage increases in industry



11.

Which word describes the homefront during World War II?

A) easy

B) selfish

C) sacrifice

D) uncooperative



12.

American Neutrality Acts passed during the late 1930's

A) established an embargo against unfriendly nations

B) allowed for the sale of military hardware to Germany

C) provided for a U.S. military buildup

D) created a system of war loans for European nations



13.

In what ways did the Lend-Lease Act provide a compromise between the will of the president and the belief of many in Congress?

A) It allowed assistance to friendly nations without the U.S. directly participating in war.

B) It limited American involvement in European affairs by only providing advisors to friendly nations.

C) It curtailed the sale of supplies to all nations involved in conflict.

D) It assisted Great Britain's efforts against Germany but did not offer help to other nations.



14.

Hoovervilles can be BEST described as

A) shantytowns where displaced people lived during the Great Depression

B) small cities named in honor of President Hoover

C) parts of a larger reform bill to improve housing in America

D) bank notes issued during the Depression in place of stock



15.

What were the military and political implications of the secret work at Los Alamos?

A) strategic planning for a successful invasion of Normandy.

B) successful planning with Russia for the fall of Berlin

C) the ability to island hop in the Pacific campaign

D) the power of having an atomic weapon



16.

The goal of the Roosevelt Administration was to put Americans back to work. To that end, Congress initiated several work programs, including the Works Progress Administration (WPA) and the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). What did Roosevelt attempt to do when it appeared that the U.S. Supreme Court might strike down the constitutionality of the Social Security Act, a main part of his New Deal programs?

A) ask lower courts to rule in favor of the legislation

B) return the legislation to Congress for reconsideration

C) pack the court by adding justices supportive of the act

D) proposed a program to replace Social Security



17.

After World War I, many Americans were eager to keep out of European affairs.

A) True

B) False



18.

World War II began when Germany launched a blitzkrieg attack on Czechoslovakia.

A) True

B) False



19.

In the closing days of World War II in Europe, Hitler escaped to South America.

A) True

B) False



20.

The Allies adopted a plan of island hopping in the Pacific in order to conserve their armed strength.

A) True

B) False



21.

President Hoover thought government aid to the people during the Great Depression would be a form of socialism.

A) True

B) False





22.

Choose all of the following that relate to FDR

A) Republican

B) Wheel-chair bound

C) "The only thing we have to fear is fear itself"

D) Democrat

E) Fireside chats

F) Relief, Recovery, Reform

G) Closed all American banks



23.

Match the following terms to the correct description

A. Security and Exchange Commission

B. Works Progress Administration

C. American Liberty League

D. Wages and Hours Bill

E. Lend-Lease Act

F. American First Committee

G. Code-Talkers

H. Zoot Suit Riots



*Allowed the U.S. to provide military and financial support to a country if it would help the security of the United States

*Formed to set rules in the stock market and investment industry

*Native Americans who served in World War II. Their contribution to the war was in their native language

*Proposed by Republicans in Congress that would establish a 40 hour work week and a minimum wage

*Group opposed to being involved in World War II and was investigated by the FBI

*Republicans who opposed the "socialism" of the New Deal

*Hispanic gangs fighting with white sailors

*Created to provide jobs in public works projects, education, and the arts



24.

Why were no New Deal programs started after 1939?

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