The Impact of Policy in the Workplace

| February 18, 2015
The Impact of Policy in the Workplace Policy influences the delivery of health care in
numerous ways. It can impact everything from methods of disposing hazardous materials to how often a patient’s vital signs are taken.
These policies play a significant role in influencing the efficiency and effectiveness of quality health care. To prepare for this
Discussion, reflect on your readings and the video presentation from this week’s resources. Consider policy problems that exist in
your work setting. Think about who is trying to influence these policies. Using the definition of politics in Mason, Leavitt, and
Chaffee (2014, p. 5), address the following: •Identify a policy problem that exists (or existed) in your work setting. •Who is making
decisions about the allocation of resources and what resources are involved to address the problem? •How does this align with the
steps in the policy-making process? •How does this policy affect nursing and the delivery of health care? Support your ideas or those
of others with references from the professional nursing literature.
definition of politics in Mason, Leavitt, and Chaffee (2014, p. 5),
Politics is frequently associated with a negative connotation, yet it is a actually neutral term. Politics is the process of
influencing the allocation of scarce resources. Policymaking involves the distribution of resources; so politics or political action
can be viewed as the efforts and strategies used to shape a policy choice. The definition of politics contains several important
concepts. Influencing indicates that there are opportunities to shape the outcomes of a process. Allocation means that decisions are
being made about how to distribute resources. Scarce implies that there are limits to the amount of resources available- and that all
parties likely cannot have all they want. Finally, resources are usually considered to be financial, but could also include human
resources (personnel), time, or physical space such as offices (Mason,Leavitt,& Chaffee,2007). Politics can also be considered to be
how conflicts in a society are expressed and resolved in favor of one det of values or interest over another (Kraft&Furlong,2010)
Political skills have a bad reputation; for some it conjures up thoughts of manipulatio ,self-interested behavior, and favoritism
(Ferris, Davidson,& Perrewe, 2005). “she plays politics” is not generally considered to be a compliment, but true political skill is
critical in health care leadership, advocating for others ,and shaping policy. Ferris et al. (1005) consider political skill to be the
ability to understand others and to use that knowledge to influence others to act in a way that supports one’s objective. They believe
political skill has four components:
Social astuteness: Skill at being attuned to others and social situation
Interpersonal influence: Convincing personal style that influences others featuring the ability to adapt behavior to situations and be
pleasant and productive to work with.
Networking ability: The ability to develop and use diverse networks of people and the ability to position oneself to create and take
advantage of opportunities.
Apparent sincerity: The display of high levels of integrity, authenticity, sincerity, and genuineness.

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