SUMMARY

| May 18, 2015

Requirement: 300  words

Introduction

A number of philosophies have been given by scholars to try and explain the metaphorical or lines. Varies argument have therefore emerged in relation to the same with others conflicting while other share ideas with respect to the same phenomenon. The present theories have their pros and cons. A range of memory systems is indeed relevant in relation to the lines. This paper evaluates the different methods of memories of the lines they employ. The paper will further give an authentication of most useful theory between the memory and differing contexts theories.

Lines are fundamentally important and essential elements of design without which the design world would not be that interesting or successful. There is a very close resemblance between lines and memory that the two almost go hand in hand. Starting from cave paintings that were one of the earliest form or art to the current day drawing and design, man has always been using lines to draw and make beautiful arts and sceneries. Ancient drawing was mostly done by charcoal, red ochre and other available pigments that could be used to bring or curve lines that could represent anything. The earliest line drawings included animal figures and abstract figures. Lines may be linear or lateral and can be used in drawing anything including everything ranging from sculptures, maps, and people (Choay, 1960, p. 56).

Memory systems are the most powerful tools used to memorize virtually everything. The way human beings can store and remember information is quite important in everyday activities. Some people may have long term memory, short term memory or sensory memory depending on their capacity to recognize or the prevailing circumstances. All these memories work in relation to lines and are quite remarkable. Some of the memory systems that are in connection with the lines that they employ are memory in cuneiform, palace, the artificial memory system, environmental context dependent theory and the natural memory system. And the two most useful for application are the false memory and the physical system memory.

The Environmental context-dependent theory is a process by which cognitive processing is influenced by environmental context. By using deep sea divers, it is established that the cold and chilly environment under the water highly affects high context dependency among the deep sea divers (Simon, 1999, p. 46). It is very evident that words learned under water are easier recalled under water, and words learned on dry land are more comfortable remembered on land and not otherwise. It is very much applicable today to day real life situations that a person who forgot an incident or anything stands a very high chance of remembering the same thing should they visit the environment where they last saw it, heard it or even experienced it as compared to trying to remember the same thing in a different environment (Simon, 1999, p. 16).

The natural system memory can be examined or also explained as a phenomenal memory’s shape, and it has its lines that are presented in various or a variety of locations and different dimensions. It is the type of system that tried to eradicate and dismantle the reductive system’s limitation that lasts only after it has been recorded

Another system of memory is called the artificial memory system that can also be termed as the reductive process. It records, or it is a way of recording memory by a means called the implement. This is a reason lines that are scratched and carved can actually take too long and is so important a means to carry or pass on the prehistoric events or history to the present or the modern and current age. This kind of memory is as a result of continuous learning by individuals in life through a lot of practice of a variety of mnemonic techniques that result in a memory that is difficult to carry out using the natural memory alone (Baddeley, Eysenck, & Anderson, 2009, p. 27.)

Cuneiform in memory only meant wedge, and it was heavily used in Sumerian and in Mesopotamia which is the current day Iraq many years ago. People used standardized symbols through scratching into clay tablets. Later on, people developed signs to represent sounds (Baddeley, Eysenck, & Anderson, 2009, p. 27.)

Another memory is called the memory palace. It uses visualization that aids in the remembrance of the past information. It was invented by a Greek philosopher known as Simonides around the fifth and sixth centuries. It came to him after a house collapsed killing so many people, and their families and their kindred could not trace them. Simonides was able to recall where each was seating before the fatal collapsing of the house claimed their lives. This helped recognize them and as such gave him the basis of the memory system (Baddeley, Eysenck, & Anderson, 2009, p. 27.)

In the memory palace, people who wish to train in this kind of memory are supposed to select places and form mental images of all those things that they want to remember and, therefore, store those images in such a way that the order of sites will automatically save and preserve the order of things and pictures of things will show the images themselves. The early Christian monks used this method in a bid to commemorate Bible verses after reading them for better understanding of the verses (Baddeley, Eysenck, & Anderson, 2009, p. 27.)

Memory is hence a necessary condition for a personal identity without which a person may not remember much, in cases where people are so forgetful, it means the consciousness might have been interrupted, and one is losing track of themselves. (Hunt (Simon & Schuster, 1982, p. 54). This may be through states or conditions like shock, surprise or excitement that makes a person lose track of some events in their life.

Le Corbusier’s words are true that a man of reason walks in a straight line because he has a goal. This is true because once someone has a goal, it acts a sense of direction which becomes a line that directs a person where to go and why (Bruno & Hermetic, 1964, p. 66). Once someone leaves that line, it is as the focus is lost, and one can no longer be a man of reason. Someone who has a reason, purpose and goal knows exactly where to go when and why and can never change course nor be changed by anyone else, because the reasons as to why he is following a particular route are the driving force behind the man to forge on in front and never change the course or line. The line of walk is, therefore, straight as any attempt to amend the course of walking will lead someone wayward and not towards the goal. It is, therefore, true that a man with reason walks in a straight line (Hunt (Simon & Schuster, 1982, p. 80).

This can be applied to our daily internet searches. For one to make any search on the internet, he/she must have a guiding question or topic with which to start making references and searches from the internet (Bruno & Hermetic, 1964, p. 36). One cannot make internet searches without a guiding question or problem. A line here applies in such a way that one must always follow the direction of the search in question to get the right information because any attempt to set own question or go against the search will give erroneous results that will lead to more confusion for the person searching for the information (Bruno & Hermetic, 1964, p. 76).

Therefore, just like a man with reason who walks in a straight line, our daily internet searches must also be done in straight lines following the guiding question. The internet here is like the world; it has a lot of directions to be followed once someone makes a false move out of the straight line of direction and might never get back on the track. For the internet, anything that is keyed in has information that is relevant, but for a particular search (Jameson,1991, p.34). If someone goes astray with the question or their intended search, one is likely to get a lot of information which is equally useful but not in the circumstances (Hunt (Simon & Schuster, 1982, p. 17).

Thus as scholars in search of information on the internet, one must always walk in the straight line. By straight line here, one must always follow the right information to the end as guided by the kind of information one wanted to obtain because any attempt to look for information out of the line of study will bring them out from the straight line of the question and thus lead one to even more confusion over the intended information (Bruno & Hermetic, 1964, p. 46).

Le Corbusier’s statement is, therefore, much applicable in our day to day searches on the internet, and the lines of inquiry must always be linear and not lateral. The answer to any bit of information sought on the same topic of study must always be in line with the next and never should they contradict in explaining a particular concept (Bruno & Hermetic, 1964, p. 96) Answers to questions must follow a sequence of a straight line and not a lateral line. The set of solutions gotten in the content relating to the same topic must form or follow a straight line for easy understanding of concepts to anyone trying to follow what one was searching on internet.

Likewise, information on the internet is also ordered in a way that it comes from a particular direction and directs someone to the end, and never can it be neither zigzag nor lateral in informing (Hunt (Simon & Schuster, 1982, p. 37).Information is always ordered from the less important to the more important or from, the more important to the less important depending on the way someone or an internet searcher wishes to get the information. Even in architecture, the regulation of lines is a common design the enhances buildings and ensure stability, it uses proportions of geometry in buildings giving it harmony and order (Hunt (Simon & Schuster, 1982, p. 67).

The lines may also be lateral in some instances. Therefore, one may also employ lateral inquiry formation. For most of the researchers we look for from the internet, you may find out that it covers all direction or it is unidirectional from the kind of information we get and have so many interconnections with the other diverse information that may not be necessary to a researcher at that time, therefore, we should use our reasoning to tell what to do according to what we actually want from the internet at that particular time (Yates, 1966, p. 98).

Basing on culture and time, you realize a marked difference and a few similarities in maps, linearity, style, and focus. It also may tell us more about the mapmakers and their perspectives and intentions for the same cards.

Two maps of the hand done by Hajime Takano and Louise Cotton highlights this concept in a better manner and helps illustrate further.   According to Hajime Takano, all cultures are found in Japan. Hajime Takano uses the map to explain to us how Japan went through struggles during and after the world war after which the country experienced economic recovery and the infrastructures, and the industries flourished tremendously (Yates, 1966, p. 78).

In his map, the lines are moving, and this represents the memory of complexity. The type of lines used on a particular map and in a given culture, therefore, may mean something different as compared to other cultures. The person drawing uses individual lines with an intention to pass a special message to the audience or observers, just like Takano uses moving lines to indicate transformation from a poor economic of the Japanese to a better one after the war (Yates, 1966, p. 78).

Louise Cotton does the same map of the hand in the year 1896 when United Kingdom was a stable place with scientific discovery and creation pushing for revolution. Louise gives a lot of details about the hand in his map to signify so many things for us. For example, the ditch on our hands was used to mean the line ranging from the line of head to the line of life. The lines on Louise map of the side are not in order and represent a variety of things (Yates, 1966, p. 200). He showed the secrets of our hand to the ordinary ones so as to make his opinions more accessible.

Conclusion

The theories explaining the existence of the line are very practical and categorical in nature. The two theories have indeed explained by a way of simplification of the phenomenon. The lines on the map by Louise are clear, distinct and pronounced showing us a lot of details. The many lines on the hand are used to portray or show more details and expose them to the ordinary as compared to the map of the hand done by Takano. This therefore tells us that on a map, the more the lines one uses, the more the details the person exposes to the ordinary and the less the lines, the less the details presented.

 

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