Security studies homework help

| March 13, 2020

There are four key types of lighting available for security professionals to use to improve the safety and security of an area: continuous lighting, stand-by lighting, moveable/portable lighting, and emergency lighting. In addition, there are a number of different types lights themselves, including incandescent, fluorescent, and pressurized sodium vapor (MCSO, 2016). Continuous lighting is used to make lighting a barrier as part of an access control system, with this providing a difficulty for an intruder to enter an area that is restricted, or they should not have access to. By continuously lighting an area this maximizing the ability of CCTV to capture the intruder, while also making it more difficult to enter an area discretely or without detection from security systems. This primarily has strengths as it provides great assistance to other security elements in improving the effectiveness, as stated above with the improvements that can be found in CCTV. An issue is that a power outage, or lack of maintenance of equipment may result in lightning become ineffective. This system is commonly used in prisons whereby the perimeter fence is illuminated 24/7 to allow security to see any inmates that are attempting to scale the perimeter fence. Stand-by lighting is typically implemented as back-up system to continuous lighting system, to ensure that areas that are required to be continuously lit have a redundancy in place. Stand-by lights can also be activated manually to provide additional lighting to areas that are insufficiently lit during certain periods of the day. Portable lighting is often seen as portable flood flights, as are routinely found at special events and on construction sites. Especially for special events, this method is effective at lighting pathways between the primary event site and parking areas, to ensure attendee safety during night hours. Emergency Lighting can be presented in the form of continuous, stand-by, or moveable lighting, and is often automated, activating when a power outage or emergency condition is detected through the security system. A combination of the above lighting types may provide the most comprehensive lighting plan, as it would include a number of fail safes to ensure that all critical areas have maintained lighting no matter what type of disruptive incident impacts the facility. Emergency lighting is used in almost every facility, commonly found to illuminate routes to emergency exits of buildings.

Countermeasures that would be consistent with CPTED-based security, would be the implementation of a CCTV/surveillance security program, while also adding a single point of ingress/egress and having speed restriction methods to reduce maximum speed (Atlas, 2013). Furthermore, the use of lighting also makes parking lots safer as this combination with CCTV ensures that criminals attempting to steal vehicles from the parking lot will likely be caught on the camera footage. Lighting would also be consistent with first generation CPTED as the illumination of parking lots would deter criminals and most likely result in the criminals moving to a neighboring community that does not have the same parking structure security in place.


Atlas, R. I. (2013). 21st century security and CPTED : designing for critical infrastructure protection and crime prevention. Boca Raton, Fl: Crc Press.

MCSO. (2016). Security Lighting. Retrieved March 10, 2020, from website:

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