Principle of Reseach &Evidence Based Practice

| November 16, 2015

Principle of Reseach &Evidence Based Practice
Overview
Your assignment should encompass the following sections:
1. A contents page
2. An introduction – give a brief comment on the overall principles of research evidence based practice and identify why research is relevant to your clincal practice.
• Discuss the different types of evidence and levels of evidence.
• Detail how the essay will be structured and an outline of the points to be addressed.
3. The main body (sometimes called ‘discussion’) of the assignment should include two critiques of the two articles you have retrieved for the module.
• The implementation of the evidence discussed in the articles and identification of factors / agencies which may influence the implementation of evidence into practice should also be discussed.
• Your main body should be developed using the marking criteria stated below.
4. A conclusion is a summary of the key points that you have raised within the essay and demonstrates that you have explored the topic as set out in the introduction.
5. Appendices – if used
6. A reference list : there is a requirement for students to refer to literature other than the three articles being appraised. Your topic articles should also be referenced in your final refernce list.
7. A bibliography if applicable but not essential
8. An electronic copy should be submitted to via the Drop box in Moodle by the submission date
9. Citation Method: References must be cited using the accepted format. For guidance please locate the following link: http://www2.napier.ac.uk/gus/managing_information/referencing.html#citation
Section 1: PREBP
Examine the Relationship between the Research Process and Development of Evidence for Practice (This aspect of the Assignment is worth 35% of the total mark)
You should consider the content of your essay using the following headings as guidance – but note that you do not need to use the headings in your final paper. ‘a . Discusses different types of evidence, levels of evidence and importance of evidence for practice.’
This part should identify the various ‘sources of evidence’ that may be used to inform practice and what is generally considered to be ‘best’ evidence. When writing this part of the assignment try to ensure that you acknowledge why evidence is important for clinical practice and try to indicate how good quality evidence can be generated.
‘b. Demonstrates awareness of research process’
You should acknowledge the systematic approach which characterizes research.
‘c. Discusses dissemination (i.e. organizations and agencies responsible for dissemination) and barriers to implementation of evidence.’
In this section you should identify some of the mechanisms, regulations, policies and/ or behaviours that encourage or cause barriers to the implementation of evidence. You will need to refer to national agencies and/ or organisations that facilitate the implementation of good evidence into practice as well as local strategies. Organisational, cultural and / or attitudinal behaviours which enhance or impede the implementation of EBP should also be acknowledged.
Section 1: PREBP
Marking Criteria
The table below shows how marks are allocated for this assignment – please bear this in mind when you are structuring your essay
Research & Evidence Based Practice (35%)
Examine the Relationship between the Research Process and Development of Evidence for Practice
Discusses different types of evidence, levels of evidence and importance of evidence for practice.
Demonstrates awareness of research process.
Discusses dissemination (i.e. organisations and agencies responsible for dissemination) and barriers to implementation of evidence.
Current literature is used to support discussion related to the topic
Research Critiques (50%)
Appraise Different Types of Evidence and Evaluate it’s Appropriateness for Implementation in Practice
Provides a critique of two articles correctly identifying the type of evidence.
Evaluation of each paper with a focus on its methodology including research design, data collection tools, sampling methods and approach to analysis.
Current literature is used to support discussion related to the topic
Referencing & Presentation (10%)
Assignment presented in accordance with University Guidelines
Reference to appropriate literature to support assignment
Logical, sequencing of assignment
Accurate Grammar and Spelling
Accurate referencing (Harvard system)
Adheres to word limit. N.B. More than 10% over will incur a penalty of 10% of the awarded mark being deducted. This increases as the amount word count increases (see Programme Handbook for full details)
Evidence of online participation (5%)
Provides evidence of three contributions to online discussion activities
Students should demonstrate that they have engaged appropriately with the learning unit and the discussion topic
Current literature is used to support discussion related to the topic
Section 2: Critiques
Appraise Different Types of Evidence and Evaluate it’s Appropriateness for Implementation in Practice (This aspect is worth 50% of the total mark)
a. Provides a critique of two articles correctly identifying the type of evidence.
The two articles that you have to focus upon within this assignment are those which you have been given. The articles can be retrieved in Unit 2 in Moodle. For each article you must correctly identify the type of research / evidence which has been presented.
b. Evaluation of each paper with a focus on its methodology including research design, data collection tools, sampling methods and approach to analysis.
Whilst discussing the article you should include the following:
• Is the design chosen (e.g. Randomised Controlled Trial) the most appropriate or would an alternative design be more appropriate for the study? Are there any limitations in the chosen design (e.g. lack of control group)?
• Is the methodology for data collection appropriate? Is the material for data collection (e.g. questionnaires, interview schedules) appropriate for the study?
• Is the sample appropriate (e.g. demographics, number of participants, type of sampling), given the nature of the study?
• Are the methods of the research appropriate to the nature of the question being asked? Is the choice of the employed instrument (e.g. interview schedule) justified?
• Was the data collection and record keeping systematic?
• Are the themes, concepts and categories derived from the data adequately interpreted?
• Is a clear distinction made between the data and their interpretation?
N.B. You are expected to support your critique with references to research text. You may find it helpful to use the critique framework, and have a look at the example critique, to help you conduct your critique and use what you have to provide the basis of your essay. Please do not present the framework as this intended as a preparatory tool. Your critique should be presented in essay format.
You should include a brief section drawing conclusions from sections 1 and 2.
Section 3: Evidence of online participation
Provides evidence of three contributions to online discussion activities. (This is worth 5% of your final mark.)
• As guidance, we would expect each contribution to be at least 2 sentences.
• Simply agreeing/disagreeing with a previous posting will not be sufficient. Students must demonstrate that they have engaged appropriately with the learning unit and the discussion topic, and provided references if this is appropriate.
• Please note that activities such as introducing yourself to group members are not counted as evidence of engagement with the subject matter
• In order to allow discussion with fellow students, the examples of your participation should be posted prior to the 1st of December 2014. If the postings are after this date they may not be counted in the mark.
• You should copy the three contributions from Moodle and paste them at the back of your paper prior to submission. This can be either as an image (eg jpeg), or the text itself. In the case of where a topic has been discussed with more than one person, we would suggest that you copy the whole conversation to provide context to your comments.
Section 4: Correct Referencing and Presentation
Referencing & Presentation in adherence with University Guidelines (Worth 10% of the final mark)
• Throughout your assignment references must be cited using the accepted format. For guidance on Harvard please follow this link.
• Your assignment should read coherently, be proof-read and be grammatically accurate.
• Your assignment should be presented in a plastic folder, with the School front cover on it and include a plagiarism declaration.
a. Assignment must be presented in accordance with University Guidelines
Your assignment should be presented in Arial, Size 12 font and double-line spaced. It should have the accepted front cover correctly completed, a signed plagiarism declaration sheet, contents page and each page should be numbered.
b. References to appropriate literature to support assignment
The references used should demonstrate that you have undertaken wider reading to support your learning. They should come from a variety of sources such as journal articles, text books and reliable internet sources.
c. The Assignment should be logical in sequencing and presented as an academic piece of work
The assignment should be presented as an academic piece of work (i.e. have a brief introduction, main body -including the EBP and critique sections- and a brief conclusion). Each section should have a logical flow to it. You should use ‘third person’ wherever possible.
d. Accurate Grammar & Spelling
Remember to use spell check before you submit and consider getting someone to ‘proof-read’ it for you! If you need help with this see the Edinburgh Napier Grammar Guide
e. Accurate referencing (Harvard system)
All sources, including the two articles you are critiquing must be correctly cited in alphabetical order in your reference list using the Harvard system. N.B. The reference list is not counted in the word count but citations within the essay are.
f. Adheres to word limit.
N.B. More than 10% over will incur a penalty (ie over 3300 words – excluding appendices and references). If you exceed the word limit by more than 10% you will be penalised on a sliding scale, from 10% to 100% reduction in marks
Section 5: Completing your assignment
The documents that appear below this book will help you to complete your assignment, and allow you to identify what your marker is looking for to award you the best mark.
• There is an example annotated critique to help you understand further what is expected of you in section 2 of the final assignment – you will find this in Unit 5, which will be released later. There are comments made by a marker to help you understand why this is a good example of a critique. You will see that it is not simply a description of what was undertaken in the research paper, but rather acritical review of HOW it was done – discussing the methods used, sampling criteria, ethical issues, what the results show and so on. In other words, the critique attempts to discuss whether the research paper is good research or less good. This is what we want you to do with your own two critiques.
• Next is the standard feedback sheet (Word document) that your marker will return to you once your assignment is marked. It has all the criteria that you will be marked on in it, so you will be able to gauge whether you have covered everything you need to before you hand it in.

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