Prewriting: Process Analysis Prewriting: Process Analysis English Composition : Prewriting: Process Analysis Lesson 5 Overview In this lesson, you’l

Prewriting: Process Analysis Prewriting: Process
Analysis

English Composition : Prewriting: Process
Analysis

Lesson 5 Overview

In this lesson, you’ll study

several patterns of

development for writing,

including narration,

description, illustration,

and process analysis. Each

technique applies to specific

purposes. Your assignments

include readings that demonstrate the effectiveness of each writing

mode. You’ll use the ideas and tools you’ve studied so far, and you’ll

build on what you’ve learned to further improve your approach to writing.

Exam objectives:

• Use prewriting, drafting, revising, and editing to write

• formal, college-level essays

• Distinguish between different patterns of development

• Apply an appropriate pattern of development to a specific

English Composition (v4) : Lesson 5 : Page 1© 2020 Penn Foster
Inc.

• purpose and audience

• Develop paragraphs using topic sentences, adequate detail,

supporting evidence, and transitions

• Apply the conventions of standard written American English to produce

correct, well-written essays

5.1 Use prewriting, drafting, revising, and editing to write
a formal, college-level essay
Process Analysis

READING ASSIGNMENT

Process Analysis (lessons.pennfoster.edu/savi/351358//content/index.ht

ml#/) ENG100 Prewriting: Process Analysis Instructions

VIDEO ASSIGNMENT

This video offers instructions to help students prepare for, complete, and submit
the process analysis prewriting assignment.

This video offers instructions to help students prepare for, complete,

and submit the process analysis prewriting assignment.

Brightcove Video Title (players.brightcove.net/1642697353001/default_d

efault/index.html?videoId=6032220597001)

Prewriting: Process Analysis

READING ASSIGNMENT

Your project must be submitted as a Word document (.docx, .doc, .rtf)*. Your
project will be individually graded by your instructor and therefore may take up to
five to seven days to grade. Be sure that each of your files contains the following
information:

Your name
Your student ID number

English Composition (v4) : Lesson 5 : Page 2© 2020 Penn Foster
Inc.

http://lessons.pennfoster.edu/savi/351358//content/index.html#/

https://players.brightcove.net/1642697353001/default_default/index.html?videoId=6032220597001

The exam number
Your email address

To submit your graded project, follow these steps:

Log in to your student portal.
Click on Take Exam next to the lesson you’re working on.
Find the exam number for your project at the top of the Project Upload
page.
Follow the instructions provided to complete your exam.

Be sure to keep a backup copy of any files you submit to the school!

Process Analysis

A process analysis essay focuses on a series of steps. These steps

may describe how to do something, like how to balance a checkbook,

how to change the oil in a car, or how to bake cookies. Another

approach is to describe how something is done. In this case, the steps

might describe how the Federal Reserve decides to raise interest rates,

or how your college spends your tuition money.

In your career, you’ll eventually have to explain how someone must do

something. You may have to train a new employee or explain to a client

how to care for their pet at home. This assignment is meant to help you

hone these skills.

For your process analysis prewriting, choose one of the following topics.

Identify and describe the steps you take to manage your time to

balance school, work, family, and other responsibilities.

If you have difficulty managing your time, identify steps

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you could implement to help accomplish your school, work, family,

and other responsibilities.

If you have succeeded in creating a good balance between work

and life, work and school, or work and home, explain the steps you

took to achieve that specific balance.

Prewriting Instructions:

This prewriting assignment requires two paragraphs. Each paragraph

employs a pattern of development that was covered in the reading for

this lesson. Before you begin, you should review narration, description,

and process analysis by reviewing the required reading for Lesson 5.

Because this assignment focuses on your own process for managing

your time or achieving a work/life balance, you will use the first-person

(I) point of view.

For your first paragraph, use the narration, description, and illustration

techniques you learned about in this lesson to describe your daily

activities. You’ll write about the activities you dedicate time to including

schoolwork, family responsibilities, and your job. Also include other

pursuits such as hobbies, sports, and volunteer and social activities that

occupy your time. This paragraph should begin with a topic sentence

that introduces your busy life/current obligations and balancing these

things. This paragraph should be between 500–550 words.

In your second paragraph, focus on your steps. Identify 3–4 steps that

you have taken or that you could take to manage your time or achieve a

work/life balance. Use process analysis to explain each step in detail.

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Inc.

For example, you may use a calendar app on your smartphone; explain

which app, what functions you use, why it’s a valuable tool, and how it

helps you. This paragraph should contain a topic sentence that names

your time-management methods in the order they’ll be discussed in the

paragraph. This paragraph should only focus on time-management

methods. Be sure to include details on when you study and how long

you study. You’ll write between 500–550 words for this paragraph too.

Your description paragraph might look something like this:

It has been a challenge to balance all the areas of my life

since I became an online student. Each day, I struggle to

balance my full-time job, my personal life, and my schoolwork.

I work as a Physicians’ Aid at Holy Cross Hospital. Monday

through Friday, I leave at 6:00 am to make the hour and ten-

minute commute from my home so I can be on time. My job is

multifaceted. I help the nurses and doctors by doing intake for

their patients, taking patient weight and height measurements,

temperature, and blood pressure. I also go over each patient’s

medical history to ensure everything is correct. Most of my job,

though, is focused on administrative duties. With all these

responsibilities, my workday is a blur, and I often don’t have

time to take a break before it is 3:30 pm and I begin my

commute home. Even though my workday responsibilities are

done, my weeknight responsibilities often make me feel as

though my day has barely started. I have two teenaged

daughters, Zella and Jade, so I spend much of my evenings

English Composition (v4) : Lesson 5 : Page 5© 2020 Penn Foster
Inc.

enforcing rules, dispensing advice, helping with homework,

and occasionally providing a shoulder to cry on. Our dog,

Gizmo, also needs attention. I must have dinner ready for the

whole family by 7:00 pm when my husband gets home. After

dinner, I am responsible for cleaning the house. As if this

weren’t enough, I am responsible for looking after my aging

mother, since my sister Alyce is only eighteen and can barely

look after herself. Two or three evenings a week, I go to my

mother’s house, I pay her bills, help with household chores,

and provide her some much-needed company. I must also

complete my coursework. Though I like my job, I would like to

help animals, not people. So, I enrolled in Penn Foster’s

Veterinary Technician program. I find it very hard to complete

schoolwork amid my other responsibilities. I am currently

taking English Composition and Veterinary Office

Management. I am really enjoying the veterinary course. My

English Composition course, however, has been a bit of a

struggle. The readings for this course requires my full

attention. I find the writing assignments in the English course

interesting and applicable to my future career, but the amount

of effort I must put into each paper is exhausting. I need at

least a two-hour chunk of time in order to get any meaningful

work done, and that is hard to come by during the day with

everything else going on in my life. I usually try to study

around 11:30 pm, once my children and husband have already

gone to bed. However, Gizmo is usually still awake, and

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between him vying for my attention and my sister texting me

every three seconds, I am behind on my schoolwork. Each

night, as I stumble into bed around 12:30 am, I wonder why I

am putting myself through all this.

Here’s an example of what the process portion might look like:

To help find a way to balance all the home, work, and school

responsibilities together, I decided to use some time-saving

techniques, ask my family for help with responsibilities at

home and set up a distraction-free study space to help me

balance my life. First, I started saving time by planning out our

weekly meals instead of wasting hours each night trying to

think of what we should have for dinner. I also started making

a grocery list, based on my weekly meal plan, to save time

while grocery shopping. Before I made these changes, I

wasted several hours each week deciding what to make for

dinner or haphazardly picking out random items when grocery

shopping. Now that I have all those extra hours available, I am

able to devote about an additional hour each weekday evening

to my school work. Second, I decided to call a family meeting

to delegate some of the chores and responsibilities at home to

my husband and my energy-filled teens. Zella now handles all

the laundry during the week for both herself and Jade, Jade

cleans the bathrooms every other weekday, and I now handle

these chores only Saturdays. My husband also agreed to cook

or bring home take-out two weekday nights per week, so that I

English Composition (v4) : Lesson 5 : Page 7© 2020 Penn Foster
Inc.

would only have to cook three weekday evenings. He also

agreed to take one of my three weeknight visits to my mother’s

so that I could have more quality time with the kids, as well as

more extra time for my schoolwork. This is a big relief. With all

this extra help, I now had a total of three full hours I could

study every weeknight. But I still needed a way to avoid

distractions during my designated study time. So, for my third

step, I converted our guest bedroom into a dedicated office,

since we so rarely get visitors anyway. I sold the guest bed

and used the money to buy a sturdy office desk. Then, I got

some good lights to help me see my schoolwork and a

bookshelf on which I organized all my study guides and work

materials. I close the door whenever I am working so Gizmo

can no longer devour my schoolwork. I also advised my sister

that I will be unavailable each weeknight evening between

9:00 pm and 12:00 pm, and I shut my phone off and do not log

into my email or messenger services on my computer during

this time, to avoid temptation. My new office has made is so

much easier to get my work done, and I’m now back on track

with all my schoolwork. I even have enough time left over to

take a full day on the weekends (Sunday) to relax and spend

time with family. Honestly, now that I have a plan and

everyone has agreed to help out more, I don’t feel so stressed,

I remember why becoming a Veterinary Assistant is so

important to me, and I know I can do this.

English Composition (v4) : Lesson 5 : Page 8© 2020 Penn Foster
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Evaluation Rubric

Skill

Realized
100–99

Skill
Developing

80–89

Skill
Emerging

70–79

Skill
Not

Shown
69–0

Ideas and Content

The writer addressed all three areas of his
or her life: home and family, school, and
work.

The writer used narrative and description to
show the reader what is happening in his or
her life at the present time.

The writer used description and process
analysis to show how he or she manages
his or her schedule.

The content meets the requirements of the
assignment.

35–32 31–28 28–26 25–0

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Organization

The writer followed the instructions and
wrote two paragraphs.

Each paragraph begins with a topic
sentence that introduces the main idea:
what is happening in the writer’s life; how
the writer manages his or her time.

Each paragraph is developed effectively and
presents enough evidence use in the
process analysis essay.

35–32 32–29 28–25 25–0

General Correctness

The writer used correct sentence structure,
grammar, spelling, and punctuation.

The writer used spell and grammar checks
and proofread the paper to check for errors
in word choice and typos.

The paper is reasonably free of errors that
interfere with a reader’s ability to understand
the content.

20–18 18–16 16–14 14–0

English Composition (v4) : Lesson 5 : Page 10© 2020 Penn Foster
Inc.

Format

The writer met the length requirement of
1,000–1,100 words.

The writer used the required font, line
spacing, and margins.

The writer included the required information
in the header at the top of the paper.

10–8 8–7 7–5 5–0

ENG100 Process Analysis Instructions

VIDEO ASSIGNMENT

This video walks students through the steps to revise their process analysis
prewriting assignment into the formal process analysis essay. It also includes
submission instructions and grading criteria.

This video walks students through the steps to revise their process

analysis prewriting assignment into the formal process analysis essay. It

also includes submission instructions and grading criteria.

Brightcove Video Title (players.brightcove.net/1642697353001/default_d

efault/index.html?videoId=6032224104001)

Essay: Process Analysis

READING ASSIGNMENT

Your project must be submitted as a Word document (.docx, .doc)*. Your project
will be individually graded by your instructor and therefore may take up to five to
seven days to grade. Be sure that each of your files contains the following
information:

Your name

English Composition (v4) : Lesson 5 : Page 11© 2020 Penn Foster
Inc.

https://players.brightcove.net/1642697353001/default_default/index.html?videoId=6032224104001

Your student ID number
The exam number
Your email address

To submit your graded project, follow these steps:

Log in to your student portal.
Click on Take Exam next to the lesson you’re working on.
Find the exam number for your project at the top of the Project Upload
page.
Follow the instructions provided to complete your exam.

Be sure to keep a backup copy of any files you submit to the school!

Process Analysis Essay

For this assignment, you’ll prepare an 1100–1200 word process

analysis essay that incorporates narration and description, using

elements from your process analysis prewriting assignment.

You may not submit this essay until you’ve received your grade

and instructor feedback on your prewriting exam.

While you’re waiting for your prewriting to be evaluated, you should do

the following:

Review the reading assignments.

Prepare a rough draft of your classification and division essay so

that you’re ready to revise when you receive feedback on your

prewriting.

Assignment Objectives

English Composition (v4) : Lesson 5 : Page 12© 2020 Penn Foster
Inc.

For this essay, you must do the following:

Use prewriting, drafting, revising, and editing to write a formal,

college-level essay.

Distinguish among different patterns of development.

Apply an appropriate pattern of development to a specific purpose

and audience.

Write an effective thesis statement.

Develop paragraphs using topic sentences, adequate detail,

supporting evidence, and transitions.

Apply the conventions of standard written American English to

produce a correct, well-written essay.

Topic

Your purpose is to illustrate the process you use to manage your time to

successfully balance your home, work, and school responsibilities. You

should identify and describe the steps you’ve taken and to illustrate to

your readers how these steps have worked for you.

You’ll be writing in the first-person point of view because this is your

process. Your audience is other Penn Foster students. The goal is to

show your readers how you manage your time, not to instruct them on

how to do it. Don’t use second person or use “you” to address your

readers. While the audience is other Penn Foster students, focus on

explaining how you manage your time.

Writing Your Essay

English Composition (v4) : Lesson 5 : Page 13© 2020 Penn Foster
Inc.

In your prewriting, you focused on what’s happening in your life. For

your formal essay, you’ll revise and reorganize your prewriting to create

an essay that shows other students how you manage your time when

taking online courses, maintaining a job, and focusing on family

responsibilities.

You’ll use your prewriting as your foundation, but it will require major

reorganization and revision to include the following:

An introductory paragraph with a thesis statement that addresses

the purpose of the essay

Three to four body paragraphs that each begin with a topic

sentence that identifies a step, tool, or technique you included in

your second prewriting paragraph. Each body paragraph should

then build on that step, tool, or technique with the narration and

description from your first prewriting paragraph. Each body

paragraph should fully describe how you implemented the step and

the benefits of this step. These steps should be discussed in the

same order they’re mentioned in the thesis statement.

A conclusion that reinforces the thesis statement and purpose of

the essay.

Note: Use the Process Analysis Essay Worksheet on your student portal

to help you organize your essay.

Rubric

English Composition (v4) : Lesson 5 : Page 14© 2020 Penn Foster
Inc.

SkillRealized
Skill

Developing
Skill

Emerging
Skill Not
Shown

Traits of Good Writing

Review the complete explanation of
the “Six Traits of Good Essay
Writing” Criteria and the rating you
earned for each trait, as well as
references you can study to improve
your writing skills.

100–85 84–70 69–60 59–0

Ideas and Content

The writer provides a clear thesis
statement that addresses the
purpose of the essay and combines
elements of narrative, description,
and process analysis to illustrate the
purpose of the essay.

30–28 27–25 24–22 21–0

Organization

There’s a clear introduction with a
thesis, body, and conclusion. The
writer uses topic sentences to
organize body paragraphs and
transitions appropriately to guide the
reader from point to point. The
conclusion reinforces the thesis
statement and provides a satisfactory
ending to the essay.

25–23 23–21 21–19 19–0

Voice

The writer interacts with the assigned
audience using an appropriate,
consistent point of view and tone.
The writer offered adequate evidence
from his or her own experience to
effectively engage readers’ interest
and address the purpose of the
essay.

20–18 18–17 17–16 16–0

Grammar, Sentences, and Word
Choice

The writer uses correct grammar,
spelling, punctuation, and sentence
structure. The writer makes correct
word choices, defines unfamiliar
terms, and conveys a clear message.
The writer has edited and proofread
the essay.

15–13 13–10 10–8 8–0

English Composition (v4) : Lesson 5 : Page 15© 2020 Penn Foster
Inc.

Format

The writer met the required length
(1,000–1,200 words), used the
assigned font and margins, and
included the required header
information correctly.

10–8 8–7 7–5 5–0

English Composition (v4) : Lesson 5 : Page 16© 2020 Penn Foster
Inc.

35134200

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