Pols 4388 OLLU Internet Access And Voting Outcome Essay essay for senior seminar 15 pages with 20 citings and APSA format INTERNET AND VOTING OUTCOME is a

Pols 4388 OLLU Internet Access And Voting Outcome Essay essay for senior seminar 15 pages with 20 citings and APSA format INTERNET AND VOTING OUTCOME is a research paper requirements are below but the subject has to be about how internet effects voting outcome. needs to be good structure wording and is 15 pages without the citing page apsa format POLS 4388
SENIOR SEMINAR
Spring, 2020
Paper Requirements
Installment #1: Revised draft (from POLS 3325 prospectus) based on comments, added
sources DUE: in Blackboard by February 11 by midnight
Installment #2: Revised draft from installment 1, 15 – 20 sources in citations and
References, full Research Design DUE: in Blackboard March 24 by midnight.
Installment #3 (FINAL PAPER): Revised Installment 2, Abstract, Introduction, Literature
Review, Research Design, Results and Analysis, Discussion, References DUE: April 28
in Blackboard by midnight.
Note: Rough Draft of PowerPoint (based on final paper) is due April 19 and final
version of PowerPoint is due April 26. Presentations will take place on April 30.
General Guidelines
1. The final paper will be based on a minimum of 20 sources. Some guidelines on types
of sources:
o Please avoid Wikipedia. It is good to use to get an initial idea, or to help with
brainstorming, but it cannot be always trusted to be accurate.
o Use a variety of sources to collect your research, including:
o At least 12 scholarly journal articles
o At least 2 books (your textbook may be used)
o At least 2 newspapers and/or magazines (online and Spanish language
versions are acceptable)
o Do not get all of your information from think tanks or organizations’
websites; use these as supplements to the more rigorous scholarly
journal articles
o No more than half of the sources may be from Internet websites (i.e. non
online scholarly articles)
2. You will follow the outline of the basic components of a research paper, as explained
on page 8 in the textbook and in the Paper Prospectus Outline. Also, you will follow the
outline for a paper explained in the APSA manual.
3. The body of the paper should be 15-20 pages. Length excludes abstract, title page
and references.
4. Papers must be typed, double spaced, with 12-point font and standard margins, using
MS Word. If your personal laptop/PC does not have MS Word, please plan on using one
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of the campus computers. There are computer labs in nearly every building. Papers
saved in other formats will not be accepted and will be counted late each day until the
correct format is submitted. I am not able to open, and therefore to grade, other
formats.
5. OLLU Writing Center consultations are a part of each installment grade (see syllabus)
and are required. Excellent (90 or above) papers will have no or minimal grammatical
errors. Excessive poor grammar, sentence structure, and paragraph organization in the
paper will adversely affect a student’s grade on the paper. Make sure to bring a copy of
these requirements with you.
6. All information gained from another source must be cited. When a phrase, image,
or sentence from any source is used, it must be accompanied by “ “ marks and the
author and page number must be included. Even information not including direct
quotes must cite the original source (see APSA). Please consult the guidelines on
plagiarism in your Syllabus to ensure your paper does not have “creeping plagiarism.”
Cutting/copying and pasting without citation information from any source may lead to a
failing grade on the paper. PAPERS SUBMITTED WITHOUT OR FEW CITATIONS IN THE
BODY OF THE PAPER THAT CORRESPOND TO THE REFERENCES PAGE WILL NOT BE
ACCEPTED AND WILL BE COUNTED AS A ZERO (THE INSTRUCTOR WILL ASSUME THAT
THE PAPER IS NOT THE STUDENT’S OWN WORK). PAPERS SUBMITTED WITHOUT THE
FIRST 3 INSTALLMENTS WILL BE ASSUMED TO HAVE BEEN BOUGHT, BORROWED, OR
STOLEN AND WILL RECEIVE STRICT SCRUTINY TO CHECK EACH LINE FOR PLAGIARISM.
Please note that all papers will be checked using Blackboard’s anti-plagiarism software
Safe Assign, which checks the internet as well as other papers and assignments
submitted to Blackboard.
7. Students are encouraged to review relevant PowerPoint slides from POLS 3325 for
guidance and review on the sections of the paper.
Installment #1 DUE: in Blackboard by February 11 by midnight
1. Students should make an appointment with Dr. Barnett the first week of class to
meet (see syllabus for dates). Dr. Barnett will distribute a copy to each student of all of
the comments/feedback they received on the paper prospectus in POLS 3325.
2. Many students did not make revisions based on the comments from the 1st
installment of the prospectus in POLS 3325. This grade for Installment #1 will be based
on the level of revisions given from these comments, as well as the expansion of
sources.
3. For this installment, students should have completed the Literature Review, including
the incorporation of the minimum of 20 sources into the citations in the text and cited
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on the References page. Students should check that the citations in the body of the text
correspond to the citations on the Reference page. No citations should appear on the
Reference page that are not discussed in the body of the paper. Make sure to
thoroughly read at least several of your scholarly journal citations, taking note of how
the author(s) fit the paper together, applied the sections from the paper prospectus
outline, and explained the methodology and results. Mimic their organization and
presentation, using your own research content.
Installment #2 DUE: in Blackboard March 24 by midnight.
1) This installment should have the following information:
• All of the sections on the Paper Prospectus Outline, through the Research
Design, revised from installment 1.
• A fully formed Research Design/ Research Methodology to include specific
discussion of the following types of information:
o Review of research question and hypothesis
o Answers to the relevant points found under Research Methodology on
Paper Prospectus Outline
o Operationalization of all variables to be used in the hypothesis and data
analysis, including the specific definition (cited in text and listed on
Reference page), and how the variables will be measured and used. Make
sure to clearly explain once again the relationships between your
variables and how one (or more) of your independent variables are
related to/affect your dependent variable. Be very clear.
o The author, source, dates, and specific nature of the data to be used,
including its previous application and origin, and a brief statement about
its strengths and weaknesses (reliability, validity, limited time frame,
small sample, etc.) and why it is the right information/data to test your
hypothesis
o Sampling description, if applicable, to include the number of cases in the
data set, the type of sample, the margin of error, etc.
o Detailed description of what statistical or analytical tool (comparative
case study, descriptive statistics such as frequency analysis, document
analysis, paired t-tests, etc.) you will use to test your hypothesis
2) Use the guidelines provided in chapters 6 – 9 in the Baglione text as a guideline.
Installment #3: Final Paper DUE: April 28 in Blackboard by midnight.
1) This installment should have the following information:
• All of the information from Installment #2, but with a refined and edited focus.
The Findings (Results) should be finalized. The statistical or analytical tool
described in the research design should have been used and applied, and the
results discussed in depth. Charts, graphs and results should be displayed and
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explained as to how or whether they answer the hypothesis. Do not yet analyze
it, just explain what the data show and whether they support or refute your
hypothesis.
The Discussion should circle back to everything you have discussed throughout
the paper. Review the research question and hypothesis, the research method
used, and what was found or discovered by running the analysis. Do your
research findings/results support, refine, or refute what other scholars have
found (in particular, the ones you discussed in your Literature Review)? Cite
some of them again and how what you found enhances, supports, or contradicts
what they found. You may even include a few new ones to briefly discuss, in light
of what you found in your own research. Why do you think this was the case?
What was missing? How does your research contribute to the research question?
How could future research improve the answer to your hypothesis?
Once you have completed the paper, write the abstract. It should be brief, and
follow the APSA guidelines. It should clearly state the importance of the
problem, your research question, hypothesis, research design, results, and
conclusion. Do not spend much if any space reviewing authors from the
Literature Review.
2) Make a final check to make sure the citations in the body of your paper match your
Reference pages. All of the parts of the paper should fit together like a puzzle and
logically flow from each other. Make sure your paper is coherent and clearly organized.
Check one last time for correct citations and clearly defined concepts and hypothesis.
Make your last appointment with the Writing Center to review your paper before
submitting it. It is okay if a few of your sections and citations change as you finalize
writing your paper. The more you research, and after you test your hypothesis, you may
find that some areas and sources are more or less relevant to your topic. You may need
to tweak your introduction to correspond with what you found in your results and
discussion.
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INTERNET ACCESS AND VOTING OUTCOME
Gracie Sibrian
03/24/2020
Dr. Barnett
POLS – 4388- 0001
Senior Seminar Legal Studies
The internet is a tool to look up doctors near you, addresses for
business, and lastly the internet gives us updates of political news. The
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Internet has an impact on voting outcomes. In this paper I will talk about
some of the reasons that the voting outcome can be affected. One reason
that the outcome of the voting can be effected is not being able to register
on time due to not having the appropriate documents to register on time,
second citizens that are able to vote usually have many questions and look
up answers for those questions and sometimes get overwhelmed with so
much information that they decide not to vote, third reason Citizens might
have a disability and will need assistant to be able to get inside the polling
place if they don’t get assistant they won’t be able to go inside and vote.
Fourth reason is Citizens that are not used to using technology don’t know
how to get information to vote on the computer because they don’t know
how to use a laptop or how to navigate on the internet and won’t know how
to search information to know where and for what they can vote. These are
a few things that I am going to talk about in this paper.
Voting is a right that we had to fight for since 1965 because that is
when the Voting Act of 1965 was passed. The Voting Act has always been
ratified because people will always want to take away the right of voting
from the women and people of color. The only person that was eligible to
vote was the white man that was rich. Man, that were of color could not
vote just because they were of color and were in the low-income population
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and back then the people with power were the people with money. The
women were not able to vote until the 19 Th Amendment was passed in
1919 and women had the right to vote. This took so long, and people had
faced many obstacles to finally give us the right to vote. Voting is a way to
participate in our country and to let our voice be heard. The obstacle that
we are facing now is not comparable but still important to address because
every vote counts. There are people out there that care about the voting
and care about your participation in politics because the decisions that are
made can affect us, this is why the people that have disability and need
assistance should get the assistant during the voting time period.
The polling place inaccessibility may contribute to the disability gap
in the voter turnout by making voting more difficult for people with disability.
This is a concern because the people with disabilities still have an interest
in politics and we don’t want their interest in politics to go away. As
(Schur, Lisa, Mason Ameri, and Meera Adyar. 2017) mention disability may
decrease political participation and this is a factor of why the voting
outcome can be affected. They did a study that shows that from 1992—
2010 that shows that the people with disability has a lower voting outcome
Schur, Lisa, Mason Ameri, and Meera Adyar. 2017 mentions that the low
turnout was report difficulty going outside their home alone, and those who
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are not able to drive is hard to get to the polling location. One solution for
this could be maybe mailing their vote ballot to be able to still participate.
The Federal Election Commission should have a list of people that
are disable and have a specific group in charge of sending envelopes with
the voting ballot for them to be able to vote. This is not only important for
the FEC to get their vote but also for citizens that have a disability because
for them being able to do things on their own is important and that even
with their disability they count.
The immobility for them gives them psychological issues of not being
part of the society and that is something that needs to change for them,
Citizens people do have rights also and this could be part of the voting
outcome. Citizens that have disability and are not able to vote are not the
only citizens that don’t vote. The Internet is another factor of why citizens
that can vote don’t vote. The internet is a tool as I mentioned before, it
gives information of what they are going to vote for, and the voters get to
see the information of the candidates that are running for president as well
as bills that they are trying to pass.
Not having access to the internet and not having a computer affects
the voting outcome because the people don’t get to know where the ballots
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voting locations are and is extremely important for everybody that has the
right to vote and needs to know where the location is at and just like (Allers,
M., & Kooreman, P, 2009) mentions the internet is especially important to
the new incoming voters because they can register online to be able to vote
and also they can get answers to questions that they have. New incoming
voters are new to politics and search the internet for the information like
what they are voting for and where they can vote.
The young voters are the new generations that will have to vote and
let their voice be heard and without the help of the internet the young voters
get discouraged and not vote. This is wil be an issue because the numbers
of voters need to go up and not down . Not having access to the internet
does not only affect the voting outcome but it affects the education of the
students because the new generations not only use the internet to look up
things for voting but the young generation uses the internet to do
homework and get their assignment done. Education has an impact also on
the voting outcome, education helps the citizens to understand how
important voting is.
Education opens many doors to everyone in their career and people
that are educated most likely vote because they know that every vote
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counts and that their voice can be heard and educated people know what
benefits us and what does not benefit us. Not everyone agrees with that (
Nagler, J , 1991) talk about how having education does not mean that they
are going to vote , sometimes the outcome surprises us. Other studies
actually show the opposite: that education has increased the participation
of citizens ( Hillygus, S. D , 2005) and have done a study that talks about
how education gives that person individuality and hears more about politics
and makes them want to be part of politics. Also education gives influence
on political behavior. Education before the voting act was a requirement to
be able to get a vote ballot and people that were not educated would not be
able to vote, it has changed now but one thing that has not changed is that
education is important. The more education you get you get to use that
knowledge and influences to participate in politics. Increasing education in
the population should produce a more informed and engaged electorate.
The study went into the seeing if gpa had any effect on the voting outcome
but it did not have any effect on the voting outcome. Other researchers
focus on people of color and it is the opposite of what other researchers
have developed because (Coveyou, M., & Pfeiffer, D. 1973) focus on
people of color and they argue that education was not monotonically.
People of color struggle with the acceptance of being able to vote and
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being discriminated against. People of color still had to struggle with
obstacles and those obstacles discouraged the people of color from voting
even if they were able to vote. People of color ihas a range of going to 1 st
grade and some finishing college but in this category it doesn’t matter
because they are stuck on the obstacles as I mentioned before and that
lowers the voting from people of color and affects the voting outcome. The
United States is a big state and seeing the numbers of voting decrease is
sign that many elements are included on reason on why they don’t vote
(Brookshire Bethany December 3, 2019)
mentions four reason why the
voting outcomes is affected and one particular that stood out was that
registrations has an impact and it makes sense how United States being on
of the largest states they don’t have an automatic registration for voters and
make it easier on the voters. In the United States is up to each person to
register every single year to be able to vote, this is one of element that
affects the voting outcomes and is not only not having the internet or
computer because registering is a big impact on voting and like Brookshire
said it should be easier for them to be able to vote. But in this study it
shows that when people register and vote at the same time increases the
number of people that vote . By making it easier for people to vote by
letting them vote before election.
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REFERENCES
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turnout
in the 1988 presidential election. Journal of Politics, 53(1), 186–197.
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Allers, M., & Kooreman, P. (2009). More evidence of the effects of voting technology on
election outcomes. Public Choice, 139(1/2), 159–170
Brookshire, Bethany (December 3, 2019) “4 Reasons Why Many People Don’t Vote. ”Science
News for Students.
Brians, C. L., & Grofman, B. (2001). Election day registration’s effect on U.S. voter
turnout.(statistical data included). Social Science Quarterly, 82(1), 170–184.
Coveyou, M., & Pfeiffer, D. (1973). Education and voting turnout of blacks in the 1968
presidential election. The Journal of Politics, 35(4), 995-1001.
Dyck, J. J., & Gimpel, J. G. (2005). Distance, Turnout, and the Convenience of Voting.
Social Science Quarterly (Wiley-Blackwell), 86(3),531–548.
Gentzkow, Matthew 2006) “Television and Voter Turnout.” Quarterly Journal of Economics
121 (3): 931–72.
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Gerber, A. S., & Green, D. P. (2000a). The effects of canvassing, telephone calls, and direct mail
on voter turnout: A field experiment. American Political Science Review,
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Gimpel, J. G., & Schuknecht, J. E. (2003). Political participation and the accessibility of the
ballot box. Political Geography, 22(5), 471–488.
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