Philosophy 101

Name: ­­­­_________________________
Mid Term Exam
Philosophy 101
Spring 2015 // Monday May 11, 2015
The test is worth 30 points and the points for each question are listed at the end of the question. The exam must be submitted as a hard copy in class by 8:20pm on the date above. You may use your notes and book, but no other resources. Good luck!

  1. Who was a philosopher of the medieval period? (1 point)
    1. Avicenna
    2. Descartes
    3. Socrates
    4. Hume
  2. TRUE or FALSE: The following is a formal fallacy: (1 point)
    1. P à Q
    2. –P
  • Therefore, –Q


  1. What is the allegory of the cave? Who described it and why? (2 points)
  2. How do philosophy questions differ from questions of science or opinion? Give examples (2 points)
  3. Which field(s) of philosophy would attempt to answer the following questions? Use only one per question. (.5 point each; 3 points total)
    1. Which is more important – the intentions or consequences of an action?
    2. How does the soul persist after bodily death?
    3. Does the rate of change affect an object’s identity across time?
    4. Is it possible to know things about the external world?
    5. What do governments owe their citizens?
    6. Is Socrates being hypocritical when he suggests to Crito that he should not worry about the majority opinion?


  1. Is there a problem with the following syllogism? If yes, explain what it is. If no, explain why not. You may use a diagram, but explain it. Make sure to use vocabulary covered in class. (2 points)

All wolves are canines
Some canines are poodles
Therefore, some wolves are poodles


  1. The standard truth table for the material conditional has which truth values (as read from top to bottom)? (1 point)
    1. FFTF
    2. None of the other answers
    3. TFFT
    4. TFTT
  2. TRUE or FALSE: An acceptable translation for “It’s not the case that I like chocolate or strawberry ice cream” is – C v S (1 point)


  1. How are non-a priori truths learned? (1 point)
    1. Through syllogism
    2. Through a posteriori reasoning
    3. Through logic
    4. Through knowledge how
  2. TRUE or FALSE: A response to skeptical arguments is indirect realism (1 point)
  3. Describe the relationship between truth and belief (2 points)


  1. TRUE or FALSE: R v – R is a tautology (1 point)
  2. TRUE or FALSE: One of the major projects of the Medieval period was to reconcile Aristotle’s writings with religious doctrine (1 point)
  3. Identify the consequent in the following sentence: Unicorns and sparkly rainbow llamas have dance parties together if they exist (1 point)

The following two questions may be answered on the back or on a separate sheet of paper

  1. Find an example (ad, commercial, article, blog post, etc) of an informal fallacy online (this is the only part of the exam for which you may use the internet). Attach a copy of the example to this exam. Explain which fallacy or fallacies the example makes use of. Explain why that particular fallacy (or fallacies) is the one used in the example. (4 points)
  2. Essay: Describe what a Gettier problem attempts to demonstrate, give an example of one, and explain whether or not Gettier problems succeed in what they attempt to do. (2 points for each part; 6 points total)