Moravian college Racial Profiling of The Citizens and The Terrorists Essay What is racial profiling, and why does Volpp consider it a problem? What kind o

Moravian college Racial Profiling of The Citizens and The Terrorists Essay What is racial profiling, and why does Volpp consider it a problem?

What kind of racial profiling does Volpp argue Islamophobia has produced? How have non-Muslims been impacted? If non-Muslims are affected, why do we call it Islamophobia?

How is Volpp both laudatory and critical of former President George W. Bush?

Why does she hold the US government culpable at least in part for the racial profiling of Muslims, Arabs, Middle Easterners, and others mistakenly assumed to fall into one or more of those categories?

Have some American people of color sought to gain increased legitimacy as US citizens by participating in Islamophobia?

Who is Timothy McVeigh, and why does she use him as an example?

Is she right that many think of people of color as representatives of their racialized group and whites as individuals? If yes, provide examples.

What are Orientalist tropes?

What role does gender play in Volpp’s essay?

What role does Volpp suggest American foreign-policy makers played in causing problems in Afghanistan?

What is compulsory heterosexuality, and how does it fit into Volpp’s essay?

How does Volpp justify her argument that perpetrators of Islamophobic violence post-9-11 were motivated by misdirected anger?

How does she link her concerns to Japanese internment?

What claims does Volpp make about the citizenship status of Muslims, Arabs and Middle Easterners who are legally citizens? How does she break down the category of citizen? Connect this reading to the chapter we read at the beginning of the semester by Glenn.

This article appeared in the University of California’s Law Review journal. Why is the topic relevant to law students, law professors and attorneys?

Articulate how this article reflects ideas developed by Omi and Winant about racial formation. Write a sentence or two connecting the readings. Running head: BOOK REVIEW
1
Islamophobia in America
Student’s Name
Institution Affiliation
Date
BOOK REVIEW
2
Islamophobia in America
Ernst edited the book Islamophobia in America in 2013. However, the original authors of
the book were Peter Gottschalk and Gabriel Greenberg. The authors are sociologists by training,
and they sought to understand what is the root cause of Islamophobia in America. According to
Peter and Gabriel, Islamophobia is an issue instigated by identity crisis in America, which has
further resulted in racism and discrimination of religious grounds. Most advocates of
Islamophobia point at terrorist activities and an intrinsic violent culture among the Islamic
subscribers. The authors, however, choose not to support any of the two factions; Advocates is
Islamophobia and Islam. They go ahead to unearth what could be the underlying reasons as to
why the hostility is too high.
The authors use two incidences that took place in 2010 to elaborate on the extent of
Islamophobia in America. One case is of a Christian religious leader in Alabama (Jones)
threatening to burn Qurans on 9/11 as a show of protest against the Islamic religion. The threats
received objections from across the world, and jones abandoned his plans. The other case was a
revocation of a permit of sorted by an Islamic religious group to set-up an interfaith spiritual
center in Manhattan. Critics argue the process was used by politicians to influence voting
patterns in the country. According to Kaplan (2006) others claimed to allow the group to set-up the
site would be a way to let the Islamic religion to celebrate the 9/11 attack.
Historically, the authors point to look at the emergence of Islamic religion in America,
the influence it has had, and the challenges as well. In this regard, the authors argue that
prejudice and bigotry in America have played a more significant role in shaping racism and
religious discrimination (Love 2017). The notion that one race is superior to others was the basis
of discrimination based on race. Religious discrimination does affect not only the Islamic
BOOK REVIEW
3
religion but also other minority religious groups such as the Jews. However, Islamophobia is the
leading form of religious intolerance in America. The authors argue that support of Islamophobia
is socially wrong, and it is likely that the same would be passed on to a different group.
Currently, Islamic religious leaders seem to be keen on violent activities involving their Christian
counterparts; they term the violence as terrorist activities seek to turn the attention from the
Islamic religion.
Annotation.
Ernst, C. (Ed.). (2013). Islamophobia in America: The anatomy of intolerance. Springer.
The book Islamophobia in America seeks to unearth the reasons for the loath of the
Islamic religion in America. The anatomy of intolerance of the Islamic faith in the American
Community is on the rise. Authors are dissecting the history and social grounds that could be the
underlying factors fueling the hostility. They opine that prejudice and bigotry have a hand in
racism and religious discrimination. The Islamic culture, in particular, is perceived to be a
violent religion due to the numerous terrorist attacks linked to Islamic groups such as Al-Qaida.
Conclusively, the authors note that Islamophobia is a social problem, and there is a need to feed
solutions that will enhance the unity among the different social groupings. Stereotypes have
affected not only politics and social status in America but also the delivery of essential services.
According to the authors, a better society is that which dissociates from stereotypical
connotations and focus on understanding why people do what they do what the amicable
solutions are.
BOOK REVIEW
4
References
Ernst, C. (Ed.). (2013). Islamophobia in America: The anatomy of intolerance. Springer.
Kaplan, J. (2006). Islamophobia in America?: September 11 and Islamophobic hate crime. Terrorism and
Political Violence, 18(1), 1-33.
Love, E. (2017). Islamophobia and racism in America. NYU Press.
What is racial profiling, and why does Volpp consider it a problem?
What kind of racial profiling does Volpp argue Islamophobia has produced? How have non-
Muslims been impacted? If non-Muslims are affected, why do we call it Islamophobia?
How is Volpp both laudatory and critical of former President George W. Bush?
Why does she hold the US government culpable at least in part for the racial profiling of
Muslims, Arabs, Middle Easterners, and others mistakenly assumed to fall into one or more of
those categories?
Have some American people of color sought to gain increased legitimacy as US citizens by
participating in Islamophobia?
Who is Timothy McVeigh, and why does she use him as an example?
Is she right that many think of people of color as representatives of their racialized group and
whites as individuals? If yes, provide examples.
What are Orientalist tropes?
What role does gender play in Volpp’s essay?
What role does Volpp suggest American foreign-policy makers played in causing problems in
Afghanistan?
What is compulsory heterosexuality, and how does it fit into Volpp’s essay?
How does Volpp justify her argument that perpetrators of Islamophobic violence post-9-11
were motivated by misdirected anger?
How does she link her concerns to Japanese internment?
What claims does Volpp make about the citizenship status of Muslims, Arabs and Middle
Easterners who are legally citizens? How does she break down the category of citizen? Connect
this reading to the chapter we read at the beginning of the semester by Glenn.
This article appeared in the University of California’s Law Review journal. Why is the topic
relevant to law students, law professors and attorneys?
Articulate how this article reflects ideas developed by Omi and Winant about racial formation.
Write a sentence or two connecting the readings.

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