Georgetown University US VS Iran Nuclear Deal Important Foreign Policy Memorandum Please continue the work on the file attatched to be 8 pages long.
final policy memorandum will include the following sections:
1.A two page section on the background and context of your topic. In other words, this should be the revised version of your first writing assignment, taking into my comments, suggestions and your subsequent research.
2.A two page section on the relevance of your topic, why it matters to the United States, or the revised version of your second writing assignment.
3.A two to three page section that outlines the possible policy options that the United States could pursue. Be sure to try and objectively describe all the options you are discussing, as opposed to only cover your preferred policy recommendation. Remember that you have to convince the reader of your memo (that is to say me), and I have to feel confident that you are indeed recommending the best course of action.
4.A one page conclusion/justification for why one specific course of action is recommended at the expense of the others.
5.A bibliography that does not count toward the eight page limit. Please do include all the sources you consulted, not just the ones you cited. MEMORANDUM
To: President Donald Trump
From: Abdullah Alshehri, Secretary of State
Re: Tension with Iran
Date: April 06, 2020
Subject: US-Iran nuclear deal – important foreign policy decision affecting the broader stability
of the Middle East
The 2015 US-Iran nuclear deal is on the verge of collapse thus raising burning questions
about Iran’s nuclear capability and the likely military clashes within the Persian Gulf. Since the
Iranian Islamic Revolution of 1979, the relations between Iran and the US have been adversarial,
forcing Iran to support rebel factions as a threat to the US and its allies. The United States has tried
since 2002 to constrain the advancement of the Iranian nuclear program. During President
Obama’s second term, the United States, China, Russia, the UK, France and Germany together
with the Iranian Supreme Leader, signed a nuclear deal (Samore et al., 2015). When the Trump
administration came into power, he thwarted the agreement and withdrew the US from the deal,
citing concerns over the behavior and conduct of Iran. The Trump administration went ahead and
introduced new sanctions against Iran and its allies. In response, Iran attacked four oil tankers
belonging to the US and its allies.
Since May 2018, after the announcement of America’s withdrawal from the JCPOA
agreement, Tehran is reluctant to show any interest in re-entering, renegotiating, or forming a new
deal with the US. Tehran resolved to seek solutions from other JCPOA members to find redress to
the US’ unlawful withdrawal and compensation for the same. The tensions are still high since July
2019 after IAEA investigations that claimed our nuclear activities exceeded the limits mandated
by JCPOA, forcing our government to increase these activities. On January 5th, 2020, Hassan
Rouhani’s government was at an advanced stage in reducing their commitments to JCPOA
restrictions. These tensions escalated, and on January 2nd, 2020, the US military claimed it had
killed Qasem Soleimani, an IRGC-QF commander. The reason for the drone strike, according to
the military sources were defensive action, claiming that Soleimani killed hundreds of American
personnel abroad. The tensions are still high with potential Iranian attacks on American interests
in Iraq and the Middle East.
We -Iran and the US- find ourselves in a quagmire, a position that neither of us wants to
be. Currently, due to the mounting pressure to avenge the death of Qasem, the IRGC-QF could
likely strike American bases in both Iraq and the Middle East at large using drones and other
attacks deemed necessary. I believe that we can both agree on the effects these attacks will have
not only to the existing tension but also to world peace and prosperity (Shah, Nawaz & Mahsud,
2019). We are not where we want to be, and I believe that something needs to be done quickly but
cautiously to ensure that the temperatures remain low. What other better way to we have than to
engage in dialogue?
There are several different ways Tehran and Washington can get out of this quagmire.
Apart from dialogue, we can improve the Iran-American engagement by removing sanctions and
trade embargos. From our understanding, most of the existing sanctions are American as they bar
us from exporting oil to the US and its allies, thus likely crippling our economic stability. In
retaliation, these sanctions force Iran to use proxies. The suggestion, therefore, is that the US
government finds a way of persuading Congress the President to agree to sign an international
agreement that will mainly lead to the removal of the sanctions. On our part, we are ready to restrict
our usage of proxies and comply to avoid further sanctions.
Thirdly, it is our understanding that American foreign policy on Iran requires a complete
overhaul and change of the regime. The process of regime change is tedious and may take longer
as it may require military intervention. The results of such an attempt may also produce
undesired outcomes like posing a threat to the stability of the Middle East or even further
escalate the existing tensions between the two countries (Karami et al., 2016). The last
suggestion is to join forces to come up with soft diplomacy policies guided by attractive
economic initiatives and checks and balances. The US should, however, take the front wheel to
foster a direct relationship with Iran. Iran will, in turn, allow the US to monitor and regulate the
enactment of these strategies and liberate Iran from proxies that threaten its political, social, and
economic prosperity and world peace.
Significance of the US-Iran Nuclear Deal to the US
The United States in 2015 joined forces with other developed countries in NATO and
Russia and China to formulate an agreement that was against allowing Iran’s acquisition of
nuclear weapons. The UN, EU and the US, in return, promised to lift nuclear related and
economic sanctions against Iran while allowing for closer monitoring of any Iranian misbehavior
during the negotiations. On its part, the US lifted its sanctions on allowing Iran into international
trade and allowing oil exports from Iran. Strict adherence an observation of the US-Iran Nuclear
Deal will be vital as it will serve as a significant point of inflection, especially in the American
Foreign Policy (Sterio, 2016). The agreement will shape America’s policy regarding the Middle
East, a place where the US is yet to manage any form of political autonomy or stability for many
decades. As such, the agreement will have significant impacts on the American foreign policy in
four distinct ways, as discussed below.
Iran ranks as the second-most populous country in the Middle East and, as such, will
offer the United States a significant boost in its fight for world peace through denuclearization
and stabilizing the region from Islamic fundamentalists. The deal would also help the US in
imposing some of its political and economic policies in the region. The agreement aimed at
denuclearizing Iran, therefore, comes at a critical time when both countries are at their prime for
negotiations. Political and economic stability in the Middle East is under threat from Islamic
fundamentalists and terrorist groups that are a worldwide threat to peaceful coexistence. America
is imperialistic in nature and therefore this deal provides a chance for the US to impose some
tough sanctions against the fundamentalists who may pose a threat to its interests in the region
(Tarock, 2016). The Middle East regions are well known for being the tensest, unstable, and
conflicted region worldwide as a result of terrorism. Iran, on one side, will benefit from the US
lifting the current trade tariffs and sanctions against their government. At the same time, the US
will finally have a way to exert its interests, especially oil exploration in the Middle East.
Secondly, the nuclear deal will be significant to the US in that it will help in ensuring a
reduction in international nuclear proliferation, especially within the Middle East, a purported
epicenter of civil wars, human rights violations, and terrorism. Stopping Tehran from building a
nuclear weapon will not only serve the United States’ desire to ensure global peace but also the
entire world and other stakeholders of world peace like the United Nations. The US is aware of
the nuclear capabilities of Iran, and the likely impact such a weapon will have in endangering the
lives of world populations, including Iran’s population. Convincing Iran to stop its nuclear
program will also provide the US with breathing space, knowing that they managed to disable
the nuclear capabilities of one of their fiercest rivals. Breaking the deal will allow other Middle
Eastern countries like Saudi Arabia to make nuclear weapons, thus further making the region
more tense and polarized, something that will affect the United States’ imperialism.
Thirdly, the United States has, for many decades, tried to use its diplomatic tool in
pursuing its interests in Iran to no avail. One cannot underplay the significant role that Iran plays
in the Middle East region as any abstinence from engaging Iranian state officials would prove
futile and costly. The deal, therefore, presents the US with a rare opportunity to pursue its
national interests finally. After decades of failure, the United States finally finds an essential
diplomatic tool that will unlock the country and the region at large (Fakheri, 2017). Currently,
the US is yet to gain full access to the privileges of shared foreign tolerance between the two
countries, but that is, however, to manage to bar the US from conducting regular business with
The passing of the agreement, therefore, means that the US will have complete access to
the Iranian market. In turn, the US will help Iran in its fight against the Caliphate, ISIS, and other
civil wars that may originate from their neighbors like Iraq. Lastly, the rightist government of
Israel led by Benjamin Netanyahu is notorious for lobbying against the two countries, the US and
Iran reaching an agreement. The nuclear deal will, therefore, provide the US with an opportunity
to have Iran as an ally in the Middle East finally.
Fakheri, M. (2017). Iran nuclear deal: From nationalism to diplomacy. Asian Education and
Sterio, M. (2016). President Obama’s Legacy: The Iran Nuclear Agreement. Case W. Res. J. Int’l
L., 48, 69.
Tarock, A. (2016). The Iran nuclear deal: winning a little, losing a lot. Third World
Quarterly, 37(8), 1408-1424.
Karami, S., Aghaee, D., Aslannzadeh, H., & Kazemi, S. (2016). Review and predicting the future
insights facing Iran, according to historical macro trends. International Journal of Humanities
and Cultural Studies (IJHCS) ISSN 2356-5926, 2(4), 1493-1499.
Samore, G. S., Bunn, M. G., Allison, G. T., Arnold, A., Burns, R. N., Feldman, S., … &
Mohseni, P. (2015). The Iran nuclear deal: A definitive guide.
Shah, M. N. U. H., Nawaz, R., & Mahsud, M. I. (2019). Iran Nuclear Deal: Its Political and
Economic Implications for the Region as a Whole and for Pakistan. Вестник
Волгоградского государственного университета. Серия 4: История.
Регионоведение. Международные отношения, 24(5), 259-267.
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