GEOGRAPHY OF JUSTICE 400

| November 21, 2015
Instructions

Please answer all of the following six questions. Please dedicate one or two paragraphs to each question using in enough detail to convey your specific understanding of each topic. Please use a word processer program to write your answers and type your name at the top of the document.

When answering the questions, be careful to use your own words. When quoting from our texts or any other source, make sure to use “quotation marks” and cite the author’s last name using parentheses, e.g., (Scott). Please be advised that using extensive quotations from the text to answer questions does not replace the requirement that you use your own words. If you do quote extensively, you must explain the meaning of those quotations in your own words.



 The Geography of Justice



QUESITON #1-Like both Scott and Wood, Koch suggests that disease maps did not so much represent reality, but rather “mapped theories using data to present them in a place.” What did Koch mean by this? In your answer, include a description of at least three disease theories of cholera and the geographic, economic, social, or political context in which they were set, as well as the types of solutions that were inherently implied by those contexts.

QUESTION #2-How did research into the cholera epidemic build on historically evolving approaches to the collection of national population statistics, and lead to the formation of new information bureaucracies with unprecedented capacities to observe and describe national populations?

QUESTION #3-Compare and contrast the positivist theories of the Chicago School, which focused on the social ecology of crime and delinquency, with choice-based neo-classical theories of crime in the context of place.

QUESTION #4-Explain how community-building approaches to crime prevention relate to the positivist theories of the Chicago school and how those focused on altering the physical environment relate to neo-classical theories of crime.

QUESTION #5-Briefly describe the historical evolution of crime analysis in the US, touching on elements of its early development and evolution in the 1970’s and 1980’s; and describe the COMPSTAT model and how it differed from zero-tolerance and community policing.

QUESTION #6-Explain in your own words what Jonathan Simon means when he describes “the crime victim as the idealized subject of the law.”

What is the difference in spatial distribution between concentrations of crime and residential concentration of incarceration? [Note: this question can be answered in one sentence]

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