ENG 102 LAPC Young Goodman Brown and Where Are You Going Where Have You Been Comparative Essay This is an annotated bibliography and an intro paragraph with a thesis. The annotated bibliography needs six sources and please look at the links below because it will tell you what type of sources you need. I included a template/example for the annotated bibliography please follow that. This argumentative essay will compare two books, Young Goodman Brown (by Nathaniel Hawthorn) and Where are you Going, Where Have you Been (By Joyce Carol Oats). The goal of is this essay is to compare the evil in both books and which is more evil and why. z
What is an Annotated Bibliography
In the Pierce Library, you have access to Annotated Bibliographies which are an
invaluable resource for your research
Your Annotated Bibliography
▪ For this assignment, you will write an Annotated
Bibliography that must contain at least five
sources, three of which must be scholarly
sources, the Pierce College database is a
good place to start.
▪ You are not required to use the same sources in
your final submission.
What is an Annotated Bibliography?
▪ An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to
books, articles, and documents.
▪ Each citation is followed by a brief descriptive
and evaluative paragraph, called the annotation.
▪ The purpose of the annotation is to inform the
reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of
the sources cited.
Elements of an Annotated Bibliography
▪ A citation in MLA format
▪ Each citation has its own annotation
▪ Each annotation contains a summary or explanation of
the work’s main points and/or purpose of the work—
basically, its claims—which shows among other things
that you have read and thoroughly understand the
Starting the process
• Your Annotated Bibliography is the starting point
for research. As you look for information, make a
list of the sources you find and evaluate each
• You may want to print out any internet
sources and highlight information that you find
• Begin collecting sources and taking notes.
• Begin exploring the Pierce database, books,
articles, online, etc., in search of sources for
your Annotated Bibliography / paper.
Jot it down
▪ Author’s name, title, and credentials
▪ Title of the article
▪ Publication information, including:
▪ name of database
newspaper/ magazine/ journal/ encyclopedia/ anthology
▪ Volume numbers
▪ city of publication, publisher
▪ organization connected to the source
▪ date of publication, date viewed by student, page
numbers, website address
Convert information to MLA format
Format the jotted-down information
MLA style by following the
guidelines in your Handbook or any
other credible MLA guide.
▪ This assignment – only a summary of the source is
▪ For your summary, write 5-7 complete sentences that
provides most of the following:
▪ Author credibility
▪ Main focus or purpose of work
▪ Briefly describe content
▪ The best possible audience for the work.
Q: Why turn more than the 6 required
A: About the number of sources– The
more you give me, the more I can provide
in return, so if you need help with
research/MLA, your annotated bibliography
will show me what you’re doing correctly
Q: Are the sources in my annotated
bibliography the same as the ones in
A: That’s up to you. Your annotated bibliography is simply a
sampling of sources—it’s your exploring what’s out there.
You may have horrible sources for your annotated
bibliography—many researchers find the bad sources first,
reject them, and then ultimately find the best sources. Your
annotated bibliography & your paper may/may not have any
sources in common – do not feel that just because a source
is in your annotated bibliography it must also be in your
Q: Whatztypes of sources are you looking for? Can we use any sources
A:. As a college-level scholar, you should expect that your professors
(not just me!) require knowledge and use of relevant, scholarly
sources rather than information from any website that pops up on
Google or Yahoo.
Your tuition dollars pay for access to huge databases filled with
reviewed, scholarly sources that indicate to your professors that you
know what you’re doing when you conduct research.
All of these wonderful sources are right at your fingertips, accessible
fromyour home PC!
Old habits …
• Many students do “research” by using a general search
engine such as Google or Yahoo.
• This type of search is a habit that does not work well
when doing college research.
Why not Google?
▪ No validation: No one reviews sites for accuracy. The internet is
filled with hoaxes, scams, parodies, and hate speech disguised as
▪ Because there is No selection process: Documents do not undergo
any selection process but rather are placed there at will by anyone
with access to a web server.
▪ No standards: There is no overall effort, nor any rules or standards,
to organize information to facilitate retrieval. Often, commercial sites
or sites soliciting donations dominate search results.
▪ NO WIKEPEDIA
Pierce Library – Research guide
MLA Style guide – Includes a template for annotated
Why an Annotated Bibliography is Important
In almost every academic discipline, scholars write and refer to annotated
bibliographies in order to organize and orient their research.
Scholars frequently use annotated bibliographies written by other scholars in order
to get an overview of the topic they are researching and to locate sources that are
actually relevant to their specific research topic, thesis, and/or questions.
In many ways, annotated bibliographies are time saving tools. Instead of reading
hundreds of books—90% of which a scholar might not need for her research—a
researcher can simply read annotations that will concisely summarize what
various texts say (and how), and whether those texts might be worth reading in
An annotated bibliography also provides a starting point when researching a topic
you want to discover more about.
▪ Annotated bibliographies are also used in order to organize large
z of information into a single document that succinctly surveys
the historical conversation around a particular academic interest.
▪ Scholars produce annotated bibliographies not only for other scholars,
but also for themselves, in order to get a handle on all the various
information that they’ve collected.
▪ By writing annotated bibliographies, a scholar can figure out how most
strategically to use the information they’ve collected throughout their
research, as well as how to situation their own work into the larger
scholarly conversation. For example, scholars want to produce work that
offers their fields something new. An annotated bibliography is a good
way to track what has already been said and then figure out what still
needs to be addressed.
Topic: What are some lightning safety tips?
Thesis statement: The health and safety issues related to lightning strikes are complicated, and can
involve addressing structures, water, and people.
Cooper, Mary Ann. Lightning Injury Research Program. University of Illinois at Chicago,
lightninginjury.lab.uic.edu/. This is an educational site with research information, tables, and
charts. The links on the left side lead you to related links and to research articles. Some of the
research articles have been previously published in medical journals. Some of the articles
contain bibliographies. The dates of the material on the site range from 1995 through 2003.
The author is an MD employed by the University of Illinois at Chicago. I found no
grammatical or spelling errors. The source seems credible, reliable, and objective. The layout
of the site is uncluttered. There were no pop up ads or advertisements. There is a Contact Us
option with an address, e-mail, and phone number.
Hill, David. “Preventing Lightning Strikes.” American School & University, vol. 71, no. 11, July
1999, p. 55. Academic Search Complete. This is an article in an educational journal. It is
written by David Hill, Director of Facilities and Operations, Blue Valley School District in
Kansas. Hill appears knowledgeable about developing a lightning safety plan for educational
institutions. This is a concise article that concludes with a link to another comprehensive site
on lightning safety for institutions. This article seems reliable and objective and is from a
reputable periodical in the education field. It was written in July 1999.
Holle, Ronald L., et al. “Deaths, Injuries, and Damages from Lightning in the United States in
the 1890s in Comparison with the 1990s.” Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol. 44, no.
10, Oct. 2005, pp. 1563-73. Academic Search Complete. This is a scholarly journal article
with graphs and illustrations. The lead author has been a research meteorologist for the
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration since the 1960s. Because of the author’s
credentials and the fact that the article is published in a scholarly journal, it seems credible
and reliable. The date of the article does not detract from the information presented.
Mullen, Leslie. “Human Voltage: What Happens When People and Lightning Converge.” NASA
Science: Science News, 18 June 1999, science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-atnasa/1999/essd18jun99_1/. This federal government Web page is from NASA Space Science
News, a website that includes articles about NASA related research. The article includes
statistics, and quotes experts from the National Severe Storms Laboratory, the National
Weather Service, and the National Lightning Safety Institute. The graphics, pictures and
occasional sounds of thunder made the site interesting. The site layout is clean and easy to
navigate, and adds to the usability of the site. No dead links were found. The sources seem
credible and reliable, and there is a bibliography. The article was written June 18, 1999.
“Lightning Safety.” National Weather Service. United States, National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration, National Weather Service, 2009,
www.lightningsafety.noaa.gov/safety.shtml. This is a government site on the topic of
lightning safety. The site is comprehensive and covers topics such as the science of lightning,
indoor and outdoor safety, and the medical care of lightning victims. Photos, video clips and
other graphics make the site interesting and easy to understand. No spelling or grammatical
errors were found. All articles appear to be credible and objective. There is no update
information on this page. This was the most comprehensive site on all aspects of lightning
safety and included extensive links to other sites. There were no dead links found. There is an
address provided along with links for Comments and Questions.
Discussion questions “Young Goodman Brown” and “Where Are You Going,
Where Have You Been?”
“Young Goodman Brown”
1. How does Hawthorne establish the setting in “Young Goodman
2. How does the setting—the location and time period—of “Young
Goodman Brown” affect the plot?
3. How does Hawthorne characterize the protagonist Young Goodman
4. What problems does the character Young Goodman Brown confront in
Hawthorne’s “Young Goodman Brown”?
5. Which types of conflict does Young Goodman Brown face: man versus
man, man versus nature, and/or man versus self?
6. How does Young Goodman Brown change during the story?
7. How does Hawthorne characterize Young Goodman Brown’s wife,
8. How does Young Goodman Brown’s view of Faith change during the
9. In “Young Goodman Brown” what is the significance of Faith’s name?
In “Young Goodman Brown” what is the significance of the pink
ribbons on Faith’s cap?
“Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?”
1. How does Oates establish the setting in “Where Are You Going, Where
Have You Been?”
2. How does the setting—the location and time period—of ““Where Are
You Going, Where Have You Been?” affect the plot?
3. How does Oates characterize the protagonist, Connie?
4. What problems does the character Connie confront in “Where Are You
Going, Where Have You Been?”
5. Which types of conflict does Connie face: man versus man, man
versus nature, and/or man versus self?
6. How does Connie change during the story?
7. How does Oates characterize Connie’s family?
8. How does Connie’s view of her family change during the story?
9. In “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” what is the
significance of Arnold Friend’s name?
In ““Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” What is the
significance of the gold jalopy?
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