Developing the research question

| August 19, 2015

Assignment 1: Developing the research question
1,300 words maximum including references and all other text, comprising a notional limit of 1182 words plus 10% = 1,300 words.
no printed copy, no coversheet.
Scores for each section plus detailed commentary. The comments should be used to improve performance on Assignment 2.
3.3.1 Assignment 1 rationale
You are doing this assignment to learn and practise how to:
• Identify a research topic and research problem;
• Present background information in the form of a critical literature review with summary and conclusions;
• Show the gap in current knowledge;
• Develop a research question;
• State what type of information needs to be known to answer the research;
• State the aims and expected benefits of your intended research project that will answer the research question and address the research problem.
These processes are common and essential to research proposals for any area of inquiry.
In Assignment 1 you will demonstrate knowledge of an important research topic of your choice. You will identify a topic and a research problem, argue its importance and show that it is researchable. You will next present background information, critically reviewing and summarising your selection of literature from authoritative sources. Deficiencies in current knowledge (i.e., the gap in knowledge) relevant to the research problem will be identified in your assignment, leading to a research question, what needs to be known to answer the research question, the aims of a future research project to answer the question, who or what is likely to benefit from the research, and how they may benefit. These elements are assessable along with your library research, citation and referencing skills, academic writing quality, the honesty and integrity of the work, and your standard of document presentation.
Topic / My focus is on:
international Medical Graduates(IMG) or Overseas-trained doctors(OTD) face a number of obstacles in the process of seeking to become registered to practise medicine in Australia. Because lots of IMG have to work their personal life and family support. For example, they are working as a theatre technician, sterilising technician, wardperson, food assistant, taxi driver and factory labur. these kind of jobs are affecting their psychological and professional condition and make the way hard and tough for them to get to or pass the exams for qualification recognition. The exams fees are expensive and IMG has language problem too, there should be support program, e.g: free bridging courses for AMC exam preparation and ect… Australia need doctors and should provide some facilities to fill the gap.
please make a topic from the above paragraph.
more details:
Assessment details
The first assignment is structured similarly to the Introduction of a research report as commonly found in peer-reviewed technical journals (usually referred to as a journal article). The supplied assignment template provides additional structure to assist your production of this assignment. Your first assignment gives the background and reasons (i.e., rationale) for a research project, the question that the research will answer, and the research aims and benefits.
Assignment 1 provides the foundation for your research proposal that will become Assignment 2. A research proposal is a plan to conduct a research project. Assignment 1 builds on the workshops, your choice of research topic and research question, and literature searches and reading that you have done with your chosen topic.
Assignment 2 is a complete research proposal. The proposal enlarges on Assignment 1, giving not only the background and reasons for the proposal, and the research question and aims, but also showing how the research will be done, similar to the Method section in a journal article, plus with a budge and time schedule for the project’s major operations. Again, the assignment template will provide additional structure.
The weekly study notes provide plenty of advice about how to write both assignments. Marking and feedback for Assignment 1 will enable problems to be fixed for your final proposal, Assignment 2. Both written assignments share marking criteria.
Assignment 1 task
For Assignment 1, do the following:
• Find at least five peer-reviewed journal articles or other authoritative sources plus any additional sources you need to build an academic argument – see also below. Additional sources may include peer or non-peer reviewed sources, such as World Wide Web sites or popular literature. Therefore, you are not limited to peer-reviewed articles but there must be at least five peer-reviewed journal articles. The maximum number of sources of any type, counted as reference list entries for the entire Assignment 1, is 10.
Library databases are the best way to find peer-reviewed journal articles. You are encouraged to use library databases rather than single-line, Internet search engines.
Authoritative sources include not only peer-reviewed journal articles but also official publications from government departments, along with government-affiliated organisations and widely recognised international agencies such as the United Nations, UNESCO, World Health Organization, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. This definition of an authoritative source applies to Assignments 1 and 2.
• Present the topic, background and rationale for a new, small-scale research project. Of course you may (and should) get ideas from your reading, but towards the end of this assignment you are proposing an original research project of your own invention. For the assignment use the bolded text as headings:
1. Title, consisting of the research topic for Assignment 1.
2. Identify and briefly describe the Research problem, including a statement about its researchable aspect. Leave detailed background information for the next section.
3. Present background information stating what is already known about the research problem. This section will include these elements:
? A literature review using your five or more selected articles plus other relevant sources. The literature review will be the largest part of this section. Competing yet informed points of view should be included.
? Any relevant theories (i.e., explanations of phenomena your are investigating).
? Definitions of important terms, so readers know what you mean by specific terms.
? Summary and conclusions, stated briefly and adding value to the section, not just slavishly repeating existing text.
The above four elements can be integrated into the text narrative; separate headings for the literature review, theories (if any) and definitions can be used but are not required.
The what is already known section should demonstrate your familiarity with existing knowledge and current thinking about the research topic and problem. Your ability to summarise and reach an overall conclusion from your background reading will be highly regarded. The overall conclusion should point to the need for the further research you will propose. Convincing, critical evaluation of current knowledge and the sources of that knowledge will enhance your result for this section
Suggested length for what is already known is 500 to 600 words maximum. You will have to write concisely to say enough within this limit. Match the content of this section to the research problem rather than writing about every conceivable aspect of the general topic. Concentrate on the main ideas behind the research problem. A smaller number of highly relevant sources discussed insightfully is better than numerous sources treated superficially. Reference-list entries are included in the word count; they compete for words with your main text so it’s best to limit your citations to important articles.
4. Identify the gap in knowledge, meaning what is not already known about the research problem, in contrast to the previous, background information, section.
5. State the research question as a question. The research question will be answered by the research that you will propose fully in Assignment 2. The research question is one of the most important parts of any proposal. There will normally be only a single research question. Multiple questions are given only if logically necessary, and are not encouraged. Give more than one research question only if you must. At most there could be only a few questions and they must each relate to the gap in knowledge without redundancy. Putting several different research questions forward will reduce the score for this section. The research question must be answerable in practice through the collection, analysis and interpretation of new information. The research question must not be answered in your proposal. If you can already answer the research using existing information, your research proposal becomes pointless.
6. State what needs to be known in order to answer the research question, fill the gap in knowledge and address the research problem. What needs to be known is described as a measurement of something, a comparison between groups, events, times or conditions for quantitative research; or verbal or text information for qualitative research. If measurement is required, then say measurement of what. If verbal or text data are needed, say exactly about what. Be specific, and preferably also briefly state from whom or what the measurements or other information should be collected. Precise, accurate statements are the essence of good proposals. This section is often poorly done in student proposals because what needs to be known is stated vaguely, expressed in weak generalities, or it hardly addresses the gap in knowledge or the research question.
7. State the project aims for a future research study. Answering the research question is an obvious aim, but that is too simplistic as the only aim. Say what you want the research to achieve overall. Significant advancement in knowledge, as relevant to so-called “basic research” (see study notes) is a legitimate aim, but the advancement must be described.
A useful way of adding to the aims is to list expected benefits of a successful research project to interested parties or a group within society or a community. In this way you claim the value of the project to identified groups of individuals, or to society in general. Worthwhile policy implications and practical problem-solving can also be expected benefits. Where benefits are convincingly argued beyond mere aims, the score for this section will improve. Benefits must be persuasively argued to score very highly. “Persuasively” means stating whom or what will benefit, and how, and convincing the reader that you are right.
8. References. This is a list of source material you have used, presented in APA style. It includes peer-reviewed and any other sources you have used, including Web sites. A 10-source limit in citations and references applies to the entire assignment. Thus, Assignment 1 must have from 5 to 10 sources in the reference list, five of which must be peer-reviewed or otherwise authoritative (see p. 17) and all reference-list entries must be cited at least once. The number of sources refers to reference list entries, not citations. Reference list entries can be cited more than once. The number of citations allowed is unlimited.
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