Critical appraisal of a research article

| March 22, 2015

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Briefly justify this research paper by research area or methodological interest.Describe the key elements of the research design and process focusing on:
Describe the key elements of the research design and process focusing on:
Paradigm — in which research paradigm do you think this question falls into? Justify why you think this.
Methodology – appropriateness for the research questions being asked
Methods — differentiate from the methodology and describe the relationship between the two
Ethics
Analysis
Sampling
Validity and reliability
Critically analyse the appropriateness of the conclusions with regard to the study design and methods. Consider these elements with regard to the feasibility, reliability and generalisability of the methods (not findings). Justify.
Points to consider in your assignment
This critical appraisal requires you to carefully consider the following points in relation to your chosen article:
Is the title of the research paper informative and congruent with the text?
(If there is an abstract or a summary) Does the abstract/summary contain sufficient information, including the stages of the research process (e.g. aims/objectives, research design/approach, participants, data collection, data analysis, findings)?
Is there an introduction? If yes, does it provide an overview of the entire paper? Is the background and significance of the study convincing? If not, why not?
Is there a literature review? If yes, are most pieces of literature current and relevant to this research study? Is it appropriate or necessary to include the older literature? If there is no literature review, is this appropriate?
Is there a stated purpose and are the study aims/hypotheses clearly stated?
What is the research method (i.e. phenomenology, grounded theory, experiment, survey, case-control, action research, etc)? Is this an appropriate choice?
Do the methods appear to be appropriate for the research question?
Are the key concepts/variables clearly defined and/or operationalized?
Are the settings, sampling and recruitment strategies, data collection and analysis methods appropriate and clearly explained?
Are there any ethical issues in relation to this study?
Do the stated findings clearly flow from the data?
If theory or hypothesis is stated, does the author indicate how the findings are related to it?
How do the findings relate to the purpose and aims of the study?
(If there are conclusions) Are the conclusions well supported by the findings?
(If there is discussion) Is the discussion well supported by the findings and the literature?
Does the author state the implications of the findings? If yes, is it convincing?
Does the author state the limitations of this study? Any other limitations you can identify?
Are there any issues related to validity and reliability of the research process and research instruments?
Are there any inconsistencies to be found among different sections?
It is quite common to find inconsistencies. Some examples are:
It is stated as a phenomenological study in the abstract but as a grounded theory study in the main body.
The number of respondents is reported as XX in the abstract but YY in the result section.
Numbers do not add up.
A number listed in a table is different from that stated in the text when they should be the same.
Your overall comments/conclusions about the research article.
Structure
Write this assignment in an essay format.
You may use headings and sub-headings to make the presentation clearer, but please do not use the questions above as headings in your assignment, nor use the order of the questions to organise your paper. Arrange the sections in a way that makes the presentation logical and clear.
After you have made your draft, you should use these questions as a checklist to assess the completeness of your assignment.
You are required to refer to about 10-20 relevant book chapters and journal articles, as well as any other resources of your choice to support your critical appraisal.
Referencing in text and a reference list at the end of the paper is required. You MUST use the APA referencing style. Follow the link at the top right of this page for information about and examples of the APA referencing style.
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