Biased representation of the aboriginal People in the Canadian Criminal Justice System

| May 26, 2014

Unequal representation of different group in a criminal justice system by itself contradicts the full purpose of the system. The Canadian Justice System is one such a system that has attracted criticism for its biased administration of justice by the constituent criminal justice agencies, especially policing.

Various trends in the quest of administering justice in Canada demonstrate over-representation of aboriginal people in the criminal justice system. A study in 1980s indicated unbalanced deployment, not only, of the police force but also, police fiscal in per capita terms. This deployment was greater in territories where the Aboriginal people were the majority; the hinterland territories of Canada. Particularly, in 1980 police ratio per 100 000 persons in the North was more than twice the Canadian average ratio (4.9 against 2.2) (Harding, 2000, p. 211). In addition, the policing expenditure trends serves to highlight this disparity in representation of the Aborigines in the criminal justice system. In this respect, Harding asserts that statistic in 1980 indicated that policing costs associated with justice administration for the Aborigines exceeded those for Canadian mean by 171% to 244% (2000, p. 211).

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Term Paper: Should the CAP be reformed, and if so why and how?
Author biography: Earnest Hemingway

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