Assignment 2 Nuclear Medicine PET/ CT SCAN

| February 3, 2020

1. Identify the company that you want to research for the three written assignments in the course.

Baylor Scott & White Hospital Nuclear Medicine Department

2. Describe the organizational issue in your chosen company.

The issues with this organization when the Pet Scan Machine go down patients have to wait over three to five days before the machine is up and working. The organization only have one Pet Scan machine in this area, when the machine goes down patient have to travel one to three hours away. And these are elder people that’s traveling, this is what a PET SCAN performs and detect.

Positron emission tomography (PET) is a nuclear medicine imaging technique that exploits the unique decay physics of positron-emitting radionuclides (Sidebar 2.9) and produces a three-dimensional image of radionuclide distribution. For example, the radiopharmaceutical fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) is a form of sugar labeled with a radionuclide [fluorine-18] that is imaged using PET. This imaging technique, which is commonly known as FDG-PET, detects differences between cancer and normal cells in the consumption of glucose. Cancer cells, particularly those from aggressive tumors, proliferate more rapidly than normal cells and consume considerably larger amounts of glucose. Not only can tumor sites be pinpointed through the detection of increased FDG consumption, but differences in FDG consumption in tissues can be detected. However, FDG may be taken up by other lesions, such as infectious foci, and not just tumors, so the diagnostic specificity of FDG-PET is limited

3. Explain why the issue hinders organizational efficiency

I nformation technology

There is a need for improvement in this field in developing countries if the benefits of the use of the internet in disease management can be derived from it especially in nuclear medicine practice. Telemedicine communication between doctors and picture archiving and communication system are currently unavailable in many government health centres in developing economies. Telemedicine should be rapidly expanded to many hospitals, both government and private and hence that the benefits, which are enormous, will consolidate the efficiency of services provided by the few nuclear medicine physicians available in these countries.

Radiation safety

Along with the practice of nuclear medicine is the attendant challenge of radiation safety. Each radiation worker is meant to be monitored for occupational radiation exposure. Personnel monitoring services in some advanced nations are provided by government agencies, such as the radiation regulatory agencies. However, this is not always the case; sometimes these services are provided by licensed companies which are basically profit oriented. Therefore, their charges for services rendered are more expensive, as experienced in the authors’ country

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The Human Body in Health and Disease

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