Assessing the Efficacy and Safety of Nutritional Supplements

| February 23, 2015
OVERALL ORGANIZATION
Complete report approximately 4-5 pages, double spaced, narrative or point form (or a combination)
Includes list of all cited references as endnotes (not included in page count)
Insightfully breaks down and organizes the information in a logical manner, correct spelling and grammar
Exemplary Accomplished Accomplished, with minor Accomplished, with significant limitations Not accomplished
(Exceeds expectations) limitations
5 points 4 points 3 points 2 points 0 points
Section 1: SUBJECTIVE
Begins report with introduction: a brief statement identifying the nutritional supplement to be reviewed and claim
includes: ? The supplement name, ? The main or active ingredient(s) and, ? Identify and describe the claim found in popular media. Identify the source of the claim. Does NOT use scientific journals for this part of the assignment! Looks to popular media such as consumer magazines, Dr. Oz, Yahoo! News, CNN, manufacturer’s advertisements to consumers etc. ? Explanation of reason for selecting the supplement.
Exemplary Accomplished Accomplished, with minor Accomplished, with significant limitations Not accomplished
(Exceeds expectations) limitations
5 points 4 points 3 points 2 points 0 points
Section 2: OBJECTIVE
Assesses the safety and efficacy of the supplement and the accuracy of the advertised claims.
Identifies peer reviewed research data regarding selected supplement. Uses scientific databases such as PubMed for research. Does not use editorials or opinion pieces. Consults the DSHEA guidelines and NIH Office of Dietary Supplement fact sheets and/or other evidence based resources listed within Dr. KadarJs Nutrition and Disease course notes including the “Online Resources” notes.
As applicable, addresses the following: ? Is the supplement claim in accordance with the DSHEA guidelines for what constitutes a nutritional supplement? ? What are possible negative side effects or adverse reactions? ? What is known about the efficacy of the supplement? ? Does preparation method affect potency and safety? ? What does the active ingredient do? (if more than one, focus on the key active ingredients within the product) ? What is the recommended does? ? What is the medical need for the supplement? ? Are there contraindications?
Exemplary Accomplished Accomplished, with minor Accomplished, with significant limitations Not accomplished
(Exceeds expectations) limitations
20 – 19 points 18 – 17 points 16 – 15 – 14 points 13 – 12 – 11 – 10 points 0 points
Section 3: ASSESSMENT
Compares and evaluates claims of the advertisers (popular media claims) to the findings from the scientific data collected. Supports judgment with evidence from the
scientific literature. Cannot just state “I think this supplement is…..”. Instead, uses statements such as: “Supplement X is advertised to do Y and Z. However, (cites
reference) observed that this did not occur when subjects were administered a dose of XX, instead, W occurred in these subjects.” Considers the following: ? Are the advertised claims in agreement with the findings from the scientific literature? Why or why not?
What are the benefits and risks of taking the supplement?
What evidence is there to support the use of this supplement and the truth behind the claim? ? Considers the strength of the evidence. Considers (as applicable) the following: Are you only finding case studies and/or observational reports or have you found randomized controlled trials and/or systematic reviews?
Critically assesses the quality of the articles. Considers (as applicable) the following: Are the studies well designed? Did they account for possible confounding variables? Are they in vitro studies, animal studies, or human trials? How many participants were involved in the studies? Any possible sources of bias? Was the study only done on a specific group such as postmenopausal women or smokers? Can the findings be applied to all groups or only to some? etc.
Exemplary Accomplished Accomplished, with minor Accomplished, with significant limitations Not accomplished
(Exceeds expectations) limitations
20 – 19 points 18 – 17 points 16 – 15 – 14 points 13 – 12 – 11 – 10 points 0 points
Section 4: PLAN
Develops a plan for monitoring the safe use of this supplement if it was adopted for personal use or by a family member or patient. Describes how to monitor its safe use. Considers the following: ? How will potential side effects be monitored? ? How will side effects be reported? ? What dose will be administered? ? How long will the supplement be used? ? When and how will the supplement be discontinued if effectiveness is not demonstrated or safety becomes an issue?
Exemplary Accomplished Accomplished, with minor Accomplished, with significant limitations Not accomplished
(Exceeds expectations) limitations

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Nutrition
Food Microbiology

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Category: Nutrition

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