ACT 5733 – Advanced Managerial Accounting
Directions: Answer all the questions.
Please submit your work in Word or PDF formats only.
You can submit an Excel file to support calculations, but please “cut and paste” your solutions into the Word or PDF file. Be sure to show how you did your calculations. Also, please be sure to include your name at the top of the first page of your file. You can use any sources you wish, except for other people. Please be sure to document any source you use. The assignment is due by 9:00 AM on Monday, February 4
th. Please run spell check and proofread your answers. If you have any questions, please e-mail me at firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com. Good luck!
Consider the following information:
|Beginning inventory (units)||0||300||300|
|Actual units produced||1,000||800||1,250|
|Budgeted units to be produced||1,000||1,000||1,000|
|Manufacturing costs per unit produced||$900||$900||$900|
|Marketing costs per unit sold||$600||$600||$600|
|Fixed manufacturing costs||$400,000||$400,000||$400,000|
|Fixed marketing costs||$140,000||$140,000||$140,000|
|Selling price per unit||$2,500||$2,500||$2,500|
There are no price, efficiency, or spending variances, and any production-volume variance is directly written off to cost of goods in the quarter in which it occurs.
a) Prepare income statements for Q1, Q2, and Q3 using variable costing and absorption costing.
b) Explain the differences in operating income between the two costing systems for each quarter.
a) Under which inventory costing method would managers have an incentive to build excess inventory? Be sure to justify your answer.
b) What can a manager do to reduce the incentive to build excess inventory?
a) What role does the choice of capacity level impact income reported under variable costing?
b) What role does the choice of capacity level impact income reported under full absorption costing?
A firm expects to sell 10,000 units of its product annually. It estimates that it costs $200 to place an order and that each unit costs $7 annually to carry in inventory. It takes 7 days to receive an order once it is placed, and the store is open 365 days per year.
a) How many units should the firm order at a time if it wants to minimize the sum of ordering and carrying costs?
b) How many orders will it place in a year?
c) What will its average inventory level be during the year?
d) What is its reorder point?
If a firm decides to implement a JIT inventory system, list and describe five metrics (measures) that the firm should begin tracking to assess the JIT system.